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PARALLEL TEXTS
CARTA DELLE NAZIONI UNITE
Testi singoli tratti da: http://www.un.org/aboutun/charter/ e http://www.studiperlapace.it/documentazione/onucarta.html   

CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS

CARTA DELLE NAZIONI UNITE

PREAMBLE

PREAMBOLO

WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED

NOI, POPOLI DELLE NAZIONI UNITE, DECISI

to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and

a salvare le future generazioni dal flagello della guerra, che per due volte nel corso di questa generazione ha portato indicibili afflizioni all'umanità,

to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and

a riaffermare la fede nei diritti fondamentali dell'uomo, nella dignità e nel valore della persona umana, nella eguaglianza dei diritti degli uomini e delle donne e delle nazioni grandi e piccole,

to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and

a creare le condizioni in cui la giustizia ed il rispetto degli obblighi derivanti dai trattati e dalle altri fonti del diritto internazionale possano essere mantenuti,

to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

a promuovere il progresso sociale ed un più elevato tenore di vita in una più ampia libertà,

AND FOR THESE ENDS

E PER TALI FINI

to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and

a praticare la tolleranza ed a vivere in pace l'uno con l'altro in rapporti di buon vicinato, ad unire le nostre forze per mantenere la pace e la sicurezza internazionale,

to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples,

ad assicurare, mediante l'accettazione di principi e l'istituzione di sistemi, che la forza delle armi non sarà usata, salvo che nell'interesse comune, ad impiegare strumenti internazionali per promuovere il progresso economico e sociale di tutti i popoli,

HAVE RESOLVED TO COMBINE OUR EFFORTS TO ACCOMPLISH THESE AIMS

ABBIAMO DECISO DI UNIRE I NOSTRI SFORZI PER IL RAGGIUNGIMENTO DI TALI FINI.

Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an international organization to be known as the United Nations.

In conseguenza, i nostri rispettivi Governi, per mezzo dei loro rappresentanti riuniti nella città di San Francisco e muniti di pieni poteri riconosciuti in buona e debita forma, hanno concordato il presente Statuto delle Nazioni Unite ed istituiscono con ciò un'organizzazione internazionale che sarà denominata le Nazioni Unite.

CHAPTER I

CAPITOLO I

PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES

FINI E PRINCIPI

Article 1

Articolo 1

The Purposes of the United Nations are:

I fini delle Nazioni Unite sono:

To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;

Mantenere la pace e la sicurezza internazionale, ed a questo scopo: prendere efficaci misure collettive per prevenire e rimuovere le minacce alla pace e per reprimere gli atti di aggressione o le altre violazioni della pace, e conseguire con mezzi pacifici, ed in conformità ai princìpi della giustizia e del diritto internazionale, la composizione o la soluzione delle controversie o delle situazioni internazionali che potrebbero portare ad una violazione della pace:

To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;

Sviluppare tra le nazioni relazioni amichevoli fondate sul rispetto e sul principio dell'eguaglianza dei diritti e dell'auto-determinazione dei popoli, e prendere altre misure atte a rafforzare la pace universale;

To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and

Conseguire la cooperazione internazionale nella soluzione dei problemi internazionali di carattere economico, sociale culturale od umanitario, e nel promuovere ed incoraggiare il rispetto dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali per tutti senza distinzioni di razza, di sesso, di lingua o di religione;

To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.

Costituire un centro per il coordinamento dell'attività delle nazioni volta al conseguimento di questi fini comuni.

Article 2

Articolo 2

The Organization and its Members, in pursuit of the Purposes stated in Article 1, shall act in accordance with the following Principles.

L'Organizzazione ed i suoi Membri, nel perseguire i fini enunciati nell'art. 1, devono agire in conformità ai seguenti princìpi:

The Organization is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members.

L'Organizzazione è fondata sul principio della sovrana eguaglianza di tutti i suoi Membri.

All Members, in order to ensure to all of them the rights and benefits resulting from membership, shall fulfill in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present Charter.

I Membri, al scopo di assicurare a ciascuno di essi i diritti e i benefici risultanti dalla loro qualità di Membro, devono adempiere in buona fede gli obblighi da loro assunti in conformità al presente Statuto.

All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.

I Membri devono risolvere le loro controversie internazionali con mezzi pacifici, in maniera che la pace e la sicurezza internazionale, e la giustizia, non siano messe in pericolo.

All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.

I Membri devono astenersi nelle loro relazioni internazionali dalla minaccia o dall'uso della forza, sia contro l'integrità territoriale o l'indipendenza politica di qualsiasi Stato, sia in qualunque altra maniera incompatibile con i fini delle Nazioni Unite.

All Members shall give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present Charter, and shall refrain from giving assistance to any state against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.

I Membri devono dare alle Nazioni Unite ogni assistenza in qualsiasi azione che queste intraprendono in conformità alle disposizioni del presente Statuto, e devono astenersi dal dare assistenza a qualsiasi Stato contro cui le Nazioni Unite intraprendono un'azione preventiva o coercitiva.

The Organization shall ensure that states which are not Members of the United Nations act in accordance with these Principles so far as may be necessary for the maintenance of international peace and security.

L'Organizzazione deve fare in modo che Stati che non sono Membri delle Nazioni Unite agiscano in conformità a questi princìpi, per quanto possa essere necessario per il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale.

Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the present Charter; but this principle shall not prejudice the application of enforcement measures under Chapter Vll.

Nessuna disposizione del presente Statuto autorizza le Nazioni Unite ad intervenire in questioni che appartengono essenzialmente alla competenza interna di uno Stato, né obbliga i Membri a sottoporre tali questioni ad una procedura di regolamento in applicazione del presente Statuto; questo principio non pregiudica però l'applicazione di misure coercitive a norma del capitolo VII.

CHAPTER II

CAPITOLO II

MEMBERSHIP

MEMBRI DELL'ORGANIZZAZIONE

Article 3

Articolo 3

The original Members of the United Nations shall be the states which, having participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco, or having previously signed the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, sign the present Charter and ratify it in accordance with Article 110.

Membri originari delle Nazioni Unite sono gli Stati che, avendo partecipato alla Conferenza delle Nazioni Unite per l'Organizzazione Internazionale a San Francisco, od avendo precedentemente firmato la Dichiarazione delle Nazioni Unite del 1° gennaio 1942, firmino il presente Statuto e lo ratifichino in conformità all'articolo 110.

Article 4

Articolo 4

1.

1.

Membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations.

Possono diventare Membri delle Nazioni Unite tutti gli altri Stati amanti della pace che accettino gli obblighi del presente Statuto e che, a giudizio dell'Organizzazione, siano capaci di adempiere tali obblighi e disposti a farlo.

2.

2.

The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

L'ammissione quale Membro delle Nazioni Unite di uno Stato che adempia a tali condizioni è effettuata con decisione dell'Assemblea Generale su proposta del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

Article 5

Articolo 5

A Member of the United Nations against which preventive or enforcement action has been taken by the Security Council may be suspended from the exercise of the rights and privileges of membership by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

Un Membro delle Nazioni Unite contro il quale sia stata intrapresa, da parte del Consiglio di Sicurezza, un'azione preventiva o coercitiva può essere sospeso dall'esercizio dei diritti e dei privilegi di un Membro da parte dell'Assemblea Generale su proposta del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

The exercise of these rights and privileges may be restored by the Security Council.

L'esercizio di questi diritti e privilegi può essere ripristinato dal Consiglio di Sicurezza.

Article 6

Articolo 6

A Member of the United Nations which has persistently violated the Principles contained in the present Charter may be expelled from the Organization by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

Un Membro delle Nazioni Unite che abbia persistentemente violato i princìpi enunciati nel presente Statuto può essere espulso dall'Organizzazione da parte dell'Assemblea Generale su proposta del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

CHAPTER III

CAPITOLO III

ORGANS

ORGANI

Article 7

Articolo 7

There are established as the principal organs of the United Nations:

Sono istituiti quali organi principali delle Nazioni Unite:

a General Assembly

 

un'Assemblea Generale,

a Security Council

un Consiglio di Sicurezza,

an Economic and Social Council

un Consiglio Economico e Sociale,

a Trusteeship Council

un Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria,

an International Court of Justice

una Corte Internazionale di Giustizia,

and a Secretariat.

ed un Segretariato.

Such subsidiary organs as may be found necessary may be established in accordance with the present Charter.

Ulteriori organi sussidiari di cui si possa riscontrare la necessità potranno essere istituiti in accordo alla presente Carta.

Article 8

Articolo 8

The United Nations shall place no restrictions on the eligibility of men and women to participate in any capacity and under conditions of equality in its principal and subsidiary organs.

Le Nazioni Unite non porranno alcuna restrizione all'ammissibilità di uomini e donne nei loro organi principali e sussidiari, in qualsiasi qualità ed in condizione di uguaglianza.

CHAPTER IV

CAPITOLO IV

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLEA GENERALE

COMPOSITION

Composizione

Article 9

Articolo 9

The General Assembly shall consist of all the Members of the United Nations.

L'Assemblea Generale si compone di tutti i Membri delle Nazioni Unite.

Each Member shall have not more than five representatives in the General Assembly.

Ogni Membro ha non più di cinque rappresentanti nell'Assemblea Generale.

FUNCTIONS AND POWERS

FUNZIONI E POTERI

Article 10

Articolo 10

The General Assembly may discuss any questions or any matters within the scope of the present Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any organs provided for in the present Charter, and, except as provided in Article 12, may make recommendations to the Members of the United Nations or to the Security Council or to both on any such questions or matters.

L'Assemblea Generale può discutere qualsiasi questione od argomento che rientri nei fini del presente Statuto, o che abbia riferimento ai poteri ed alle funzioni degli organi previsti dal presente Statuto o, salvo quanto disposto dall'articolo 12, può fare raccomandazioni ai Membri delle Nazioni Unite od al Consiglio di Sicurezza, o agli uni ed all'altro, su qualsiasi di tali questioni od argomenti.

Article 11

Articolo 11

The General Assembly may consider the general principles of co-operation in the maintenance of international peace and security, including the principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments, and may make recommendations with regard to such principles to the Members or to the Security Council or to both.

L'Assemblea Generale può esaminare i princìpi generali di cooperazione per il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale, compresi i princìpi regolanti il disarmo e la disciplina degli armamenti, e può fare, riguardo a tali principi, raccomandazioni sia ai Membri, sia al Consiglio di Sicurezza, sia agli uni ed all'altro.

The General Assembly may discuss any questions relating to the maintenance of international peace and security brought before it by any Member of the United Nations, or by the Security Council, or by a state which is not a Member of the United Nations in accordance with Article 35, paragraph 2, and, except as provided in Article 12, may make recommendations with regard to any such questions to the state or states concerned or to the Security Council or to both.

L'Assemblea Generale può discutere ogni questione relativa al mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale che le sia sottoposta da qualsiasi Membro delle Nazioni Unite in conformità all'articolo 35, paragrafo 2, e, salvo quanto disposto nell'articolo 12 può fare raccomandazioni riguardo a qualsiasi questione del genere allo Stato o agli Stati interessati, od agli uni ed all'altro.

Any such question on which action is necessary shall be referred to the Security Council by the General Assembly either before or after discussion.

Qualsiasi questione del genere per cui si renda necessaria un'azione deve essere deferita al Consiglio di Sicurezza da parte dell'Assemblea Generale, prima o dopo la discussione.

The General Assembly may call the attention of the Security Council to situations which are likely to endanger international peace and security.

L'Assemblea Generale può richiamare l'attenzione del Consiglio di Sicurezza sulle situazioni che siano suscettibili di mettere in pericolo la pace e la sicurezza internazionale.

The powers of the General Assembly set forth in this Article shall not limit the general scope of Article 10.

I poteri dell'Assemblea Generale stabiliti in quest'articolo non limitano la portata generale dell'articolo 10.

Article 12

Articolo 12

While the Security Council is exercising in respect of any dispute or situation the functions assigned to it in the present Charter, the General Assembly shall not make any recommendation with regard to that dispute or situation unless the Security Council so requests.

Durante l'esercizio da parte del Consiglio di Sicurezza delle funzioni assegnatagli dal presente Statuto, nei riguardi di una controversia o situazione qualsiasi, l'Assemblea Generale non deve fare alcuna raccomandazione riguardo a tale controversia o situazione, a meno che non ne sia richiesta dal Consiglio di Sicurezza.

The Secretary-General, with the consent of the Security Council, shall notify the General Assembly at each session of any matters relative to the maintenance of international peace and security which are being dealt with by the Security Council and shall similarly notify the General Assembly, or the Members of the United Nations if the General Assembly is not in session, immediately the Security Council ceases to deal with suchmatters.

Il Segretario Generale, con il consenso del Consiglio di Sicurezza, informa l'Assemblea Generale, ad ogni sessione, di tutte le questioni relative al mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale di cui stia trattando il Consiglio di Sicurezza ed informa del pari l'Assemblea Generale, o i Membri delle Nazioni Unite se l'Assemblea Generale non é in sessione, non appena il Consiglio di Sicurezza cessi dal trattare tali questioni.

Article 13

Articolo 13

The General Assembly shall initiate studies and make recommendations for the purpose of:

l'Assemblea Generale intraprende studi e fa raccomandazioni allo scopo di:

a.

a.

promoting international co-operation in the political field and encouraging the progressive development of international law and its codification;

promuovere la cooperazione internazionale nel campo politico ed incoraggiare lo sviluppo progressivo del diritto internazionale e la sua codificazione.

b.

b.

promoting international co-operation in the economic, social, cultural, educational, and health fields, and assisting in the realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.

sviluppare la cooperazione internazionale nei campi economico, sociale, culturale, educativo e della sanità pubblica, e promuovere il rispetto dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali per tutti senza distinzione di razza, di sesso, di lingua, o di religione.

The further responsibilities, functions and powers of the General Assembly with respect to matters mentioned in paragraph 1 (b) above are set forth in Chapters IX and X.

Gli ulteriori compiti, funzioni e poteri dell'Assemblea Generale rispetto alle materie indicate nel precedente paragrafo 1 b sono stabiliti nei capitoli IX e X.

Article 14

Articolo 14

Subject to the provisions of Article 12, the General Assembly may recommend measures for the peaceful adjustment of any situation, regardless of origin, which it deems likely to impair the general welfare or friendly relations among nations, including situations resulting from a violation of the provisions of the present Charter setting forth the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.

Subordinatamente alle disposizioni dell'articolo 12, l'Assemblea Generale può raccomandare misure per il regolamento pacifico di qualsiasi situazione che, indipendentemente dalla sua origine, essa ritenga suscettibile di pregiudicare il benessere generale o le relazioni amichevoli tra nazioni, ivi comprese le situazioni risultanti da una violazione delle disposizioni del presente Statuto che enunciano i fini ed i princìpi delle Nazioni Unite.

Article 15

Articolo 15

The General Assembly shall receive and consider annual and special reports from the Security Council; these reports shall include an account of the measures that the Security Council has decided upon or taken to maintain international peace and security.

L'Assemblea Generale riceve ed esamina le relazioni annuali e speciali del Consiglio di Sicurezza; queste relazioni comprendono un resoconto delle misure decise od intraprese dal Consiglio di Sicurezza per mantenere la pace e la sicurezza internazionale.

The General Assembly shall receive and consider reports from the other organs of the United Nations.

L'Assemblea Generale riceve ed esamina le relazioni degli altri organi delle Nazioni Unite.

Article 16

Articolo 16

The General Assembly shall perform such functions with respect to the international trusteeship system as are assigned to it under Chapters XII and XIII, including the approval of the trusteeship agreements for areas not designated as strategic.

L'Assemblea Generale adempie quelle funzioni, concernenti il regime internazionale di amministrazione fiduciaria che ad essa sono attribuite dai capitoli XII XIII, compresa l'approvazione delle convenzioni di amministrazione fiduciaria per le zone non designate come strategiche.

Article 17

Articolo 17

The General Assembly shall consider and approve the budget of the Organization.

L'Assemblea Generale esamina ed approva il bilancio dell'Organizzazione.

The expenses of the Organization shall be borne by the Members as apportioned by the General Assembly.

Le spese dell'Organizzazione sono sostenute dai Membri secondo la ripartizione fissata dall'Assemblea Generale.

The General Assembly shall consider and approve any financial and budgetary arrangements with specialized agencies referred to in Article 57 and shall examine the administrative budgets of such specialized agencies with a view to making recommendations to the agencies concerned.

L'Assemblea Generale esamina ed approva tutti gli accordi finanziari e di bilancio con gli istituti specializzati previsti all'articolo 57, ed esamina i bilanci amministrativi di tali istituti specializzati al scopo di fare ad essi delle raccomandazioni.

VOTING

VOTAZIONE

Article 18

Articolo 18

Each member of the General Assembly shall have one vote.

Ogni Membro dell'Assemblea Generale dispone di un voto.

Decisions of the General Assembly on important questions shall be made by a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting.

Le decisioni dell'Assemblea Generale su questioni importanti sono prese a maggioranza di due terzi dei Membri presenti e votanti.

These questions shall include: recommendations with respect to the maintenance of international peace and security, the election of the non-permanent members of the Security Council, the election of the members of the Economic and Social Council, the election of members of the Trusteeship Council in accordance with paragraph 1 (c) of Article 86, the admission of new Members to the United Nations, the suspension of the rights and privileges of membership, the expulsion of Members, questions relating to the operation of the trusteeship system, and budgetary questions.

Tali questioni comprendono: le raccomandazioni riguardo al mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale, l'elezione dei Membri non permanenti del Consiglio di Sicurezza, l'elezione dei Membri del Consiglio Economico e Sociale, l'elezione di Membri del Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria a norma del paragrafo 1c dell'articolo 86, l'ammissione di nuovi Membri delle Nazioni Unite, la sospensione dei diritti e dei privilegi di Membro, l'espulsione di Membri, le questioni relative al funzionamento del regime di amministrazione fiduciaria e le questioni di bilancio.

Decisions on other questions, including the determination of additional categories of questions to be decided by a two-thirds majority, shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.

Le decisioni su altre questioni, compresa la determinazione di categorie addizionali di questioni da decidersi a maggioranza di due terzi, sono prese a maggioranza dei Membri presenti e votanti.

Article 19

Articolo 19

A Member of the United Nations which is in arrears in the payment of its financial contributions to the Organization shall have no vote in the General Assembly if the amount of its arrears equals or exceeds the amount of the contributions due from it for the preceding two full years.

Un Membro delle Nazioni Unite che sia in arretrato nel pagamento dei suoi contributi finanziari all'Organizzazione non ha voto nell'Assemblea Generale se l'ammontare dei suoi arretrati eguagli o superi l'ammontare dei contributi da lui dovuti per i due anni interi precedenti.

The General Assembly may, nevertheless, permit such a Member to vote if it is satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the Member.

L'Assemblea Generale può, nondimeno, permettere a tale Membro di votare se riconosca che la mancanza del pagamento è dovuta a circostanze indipendenti dalla sua volontà.

PROCEDURE

PROCEDURA

Article 20

Articolo 20

The General Assembly shall meet in regular annual sessions and in such special sessions as occasion may require.

L'Assemblea Generale si riunisce in sessioni ordinarie annuali ed in sessioni speciali ove le circostanze lo richiedano.

Special sessions shall be convoked by the Secretary-General at the request of the Security Council or of a majority of the Members of the United Nations.

Le sessioni speciali sono convocate dal Segretario Generale su richiesta del Consiglio di Sicurezza o della maggioranza dei Membri delle Nazioni Unite.

Article 21

Articolo 21

The General Assembly shall adopt its own rules of procedure.

L'Assemblea Generale stabilisce il proprio regolamento.

It shall elect its President for each session.

Essa elegge il suo Presidente per ogni sessione.

Article 22

Articolo 22

The General Assembly may establish such subsidiary organs as it deems necessary for the performance of its functions.

L'Assemblea Generale può istituire gli organi sussidiari che ritenga necessari per l'adempimento delle sue funzioni.

CHAPTER V

CAPITOLO V

THE SECURITY COUNCIL

CONSIGLIO DI SICUREZZA

COMPOSITION

COMPOSIZIONE

Article 23

Articolo 23

The Security Council shall consist of fifteen Members of the United Nations.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza si compone di quindici Membri delle Nazioni Unite.

The Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America shall be permanent members of the Security Council.

La Repubblica di Cina, la Francia, l'Unione delle Repubbliche Socialiste Sovietiche, il Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna e l'Irlanda Settentrionale e gli Stati Uniti d'America sono Membri permanenti del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

The General Assembly shall elect ten other Members of the United Nations to be non-permanent members of the Security Council, due regard being specially paid, in the first instance to the contribution of Members of the United Nations to the maintenance of international peace and security and to the other purposes of the Organization, and also to equitable geographical distribution.

L'Assemblea Generale elegge dieci altri Membri delle Nazioni Unite quali Membri non permanenti del Consiglio di Sicurezza, avendo speciale riguardo, in primo luogo, al contributo dei Membri delle Nazioni Unite al mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale ed agli altri fini dell'Organizzazione, ed inoltre ad un'equa distribuzione geografica.

The non-permanent members of the Security Council shall be elected for a term of two years.

I Membri non permanenti del Consiglio di Sicurezza sono eletti per un periodo di due anni.

In the first election of the non-permanent members after the increase of the membership of the Security Council from eleven to fifteen, two of the four additional members shall be chosen for a term of one year.

Tuttavia nella prima elezione successiva all'aumento da 11 a 15 del numero dei Membri del Consiglio di Sicurezza, due dei quattro Membri aggiuntivi saranno scelti per il periodo di un anno.

A retiring member shall not be eligible for immediate re-election.

I Membri uscenti non sono immediatamente rieleggibili.

Each member of the Security Council shall have one representative.

Ogni Membro del Consiglio di Sicurezza ha un rappresentante nel Consiglio.

FUNCTIONS and POWERS

FUNZIONI E POTERI

Article 24

Articolo 24

In order to ensure prompt and effective action by the United Nations,its Members confer on the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, and agree that in carrying out its duties under this responsibility the Security Council acts on their behalf.

Al scopo di assicurare un'azione pronta ed efficace da parte delle Nazioni Unite, i Membri conferiscono al Consiglio di Sicurezza la responsabilità principale del mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale, e riconoscono che il Consiglio di Sicurezza, nell'adempiere i suoi compiti inerenti a tale responsabilità, agisce in loro nome.

In discharging these duties the Security Council shall act in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.

Nell'adempimento di questi compiti il Consiglio di Sicurezza agisce in conformità ai fini ed ai principi delle Nazioni Unite.

The specific powers granted to the Security Council for the discharge of these duties are laid down in Chapters VI, VII, VIII, and XII.

I poteri specifici attribuiti al Consiglio di Sicurezza per l'adempimento di tali compiti sono indicati nei capitoli VI, VII, VIII e XII.

The Security Council shall submit annual and, when necessary, special reports to the General Assembly for its consideration.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza sottopone relazioni annuali e, quando sia necessario, relazioni speciali all'esame dell'Assemblea Generale.

Article 25

Articolo 25

The Members of the United Nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council in accordance with the present Charter.

I Membri delle Nazioni Unite convengono di accettare e di eseguire le decisioni del Consiglio di Sicurezza in conformità alle disposizioni del presente Statuto.

Article 26

Articolo 26

In order to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion for armaments of the world's human and economic resources, the Security Council shall be responsible for formulating, with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee referred to in Article 47, plans to be submitted to the Members of the United Nations for the establishment of a system for the regulation of armaments.

Al scopo di promuovere lo stabilimento ed il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale col minimo dispendio delle risorse umane ed economiche mondiali per gli armamenti, il Consiglio di Sicurezza ha il compito di formulare, con l'ausilio del Comitato di Stato Maggiore previsto dall'articolo 47, piani da sottoporre ai Membri delle Nazioni Unite per l'istituzione di un sistema di disciplina degli armamenti.

VOTING

VOTAZIONE

Article 27

Articolo 27

Each member of the Security Council shall have one vote.

Ogni Membro del Consiglio di Sicurezza dispone di un voto.

Decisions of the Security Council on procedural matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members.

Le decisioni del Consiglio di Sicurezza su questioni di procedura sono prese con un voto favorevole di nove Membri.

Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members; provided that, in decisions under Chapter VI, and under paragraph 3 of Article 52, a party to a dispute shall abstain from voting.

Le decisioni del Consiglio di Sicurezza su ogni altra questione sono prese con un voto favorevole di nove Membri, nel quale siano compresi i voti dei Membri permanenti: tuttavia nelle decisioni previste dal Capitolo VI e dal paragrafo 3 dell'articolo 52, un Membro che sia parte di una controversia deve astenersi dal voto.

PROCEDURE

PROCEDURA

Article 28

Articolo 28

The Security Council shall be so organized as to be able to function continuously.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza e organizzato in modo da poter funzionare in permanenza.

Each member of the Security Council shall for this purpose be represented at all times at the seat of the Organization.

Ogni Membro del Consiglio di Sicurezza deve, a tal scopo, avere in qualsiasi momento un rappresentante nella sede dell'Organizzazione.

The Security Council shall hold periodic meetings at which each of its members may, if it so desires, be represented by a member of the government or by some other specially designated representative.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza tiene riunioni periodiche alle quali ognuno dei suoi Membri può, ove lo desideri, essere rappresentato da un Membro del Governo o da un altro rappresentante appositamente designato.

The Security Council may hold meetings at such places other than the seat of the Organization as in its judgment will best facilitate its work.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza può tenere riunioni in quelle località diverse dalla sede dell'Organizzazione che, a suo giudizio, possano meglio facilitare i suoi lavori.

Article 29

Articolo 29

The Security Council may establish such subsidiary organs as it deems necessary for the performance of its functions.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza può istituire gli organi sussidiari che ritenga necessari per l'adempimento delle sue funzioni.

Article 30

Articolo 30

The Security Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its President.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza stabilisce il proprio regolamento, nel quale fissa le norme concernenti il sistema di scelta del suo Presidente.

Article 31

Articolo 31

Any Member of the United Nations which is not a member of the Security Council may participate, without vote, in the discussion of any question brought before the Security Council whenever the latter considers that the interests of that Member are specially affected.

Ogni Membro delle Nazioni Unite che non sia Membro del Consiglio di Sicurezza può partecipare, senza diritto di voto, alla discussione di qualsiasi questione sottoposta al Consiglio di Sicurezza, ogniqualvolta quest'ultimo ritenga che gli interessi di tale Membro siano particolarmente coinvolti.

Article 32

Articolo 32

Any Member of the United Nations which is not a member of the Security Council or any state which is not a Member of the United Nations, if it is a party to a dispute under consideration by the Security Council, shall be invited to participate, without vote, in the discussion relating to the dispute.

Ogni Membro delle Nazioni Unite che non sia Membro del Consiglio di Sicurezza od ogni Stato che non sia Membro delle Nazioni Unite, qualora sia parte in una controversia in esame avanti al Consiglio di Sicurezza, sarà invitato a partecipare, senza diritto di voto, alla discussione relativa alla controversia.

The Security Council shall lay down such conditions as it deems just for the participation of a state which is not a Member of the United Nations.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza stabilisce le condizioni che ritiene opportune per la partecipazione di uno Stato che non sia Membro delle Nazioni Unite.

CHAPTER VI

CAPITOLO VI

PACIFIC SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

SOLUZIONE PACIFICA DELLE CONTROVERSIE

Article 33

Articolo 33

The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.

Le parti di una controversia, la cui continuazione sia suscettibile di mettere in pericolo il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale, devono, anzitutto, perseguirne una soluzione mediante negoziati, inchiesta, mediazione, conciliazione, arbitrato, regolamento giudiziale, ricorso ad organizzazioni od accordi regionali, od altri mezzi pacifici di loro scelta.

The Security Council shall, when it deems necessary, call upon the parties to settle their dispute by such means.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza ove lo ritenga necessario, invita le parti a regolare la loro controversia medianti tali

Article 34

Articolo 34

The Security Council may investigate any dispute, or any situation which might lead to international friction or give rise to a dispute, in order to determine whether the continuance of the dispute or situation is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza può fare indagini su qualsiasi controversia o su qualsiasi situazione che possa portare ad un attrito internazionale o dar luogo ad una controversia, allo scopo di determinare se la continuazione della controversia o della situazione sia suscettibile di mettere in pericolo il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale.

Article 35

Articolo 35

Any Member of the United Nations may bring any dispute, or any situation of the nature referred to in Article 34, to the attention of the Security Council or of the General Assembly.

Ogni Membro delle Nazioni Unite può sottoporre qualsiasi controversia o situazione della natura indicata nell'articolo 34 all'attenzione del Consiglio di Sicurezza o dell'Assemblea Generale.

A state which is not a Member of the United Nations may bring to the attention of the Security Council or of the General Assembly any dispute to which it is a party if it accepts in advance, for the purposes of the dispute, the obligations of pacific settlement provided in the present Charter.

2 Uno stato che non sia Membro delle Nazioni Unite può sottoporre all'attenzione del Consiglio di Sicurezza o dell'Assemblea Generale qualsiasi controversia di cui esso sia parte, se accetti preventivamente, ai fini di tale controversia, gli obblighi di regolamento pacifico previsti dal presente Statuto.

The proceedings of the General Assembly in respect of matters brought to its attention under this Article will be subject to the provisions of Articles 11 and 12.

I procedimenti dell'Assemblea Generale rispetto alle questioni sottoposte alla sua attenzione in virtù di questo articolo, sono soggetti alle disposizioni degli articoli 11 e 12.

Article 36

Articolo 36

The Security Council may, at any stage of a dispute of the nature referred to in Article 33 or of a situation of like nature, recommend appropriate procedures or methods of adjustment.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza può, in qualsiasi fase di una controversia della natura indicata nell'articolo 33, o di una situazione di natura analoga raccomandare procedimenti o metodi di sistemazione adeguati.

The Security Council should take into consideration any procedures for the settlement of the dispute which have already been adopted by the parties.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza deve prendere in considerazione le procedura per la soluzione della controversia che siano già state adottate dalle parti.

In making recommendations under this Article the Security Council should also take into consideration that legal disputes should as a general rule be referred by the parties to the International Court of Justice in accordance with the provisions of the Statute of the Court.

Nel fare raccomandazioni a norma di questo articolo il Consiglio di Sicurezza deve inoltre tenere presente che le controversie giuridiche, dovrebbero, di regola generale, essere deferite dalle parti alla Corte Internazionale di Giustizia in conformità alle disposizioni dello Statuto della Corte.

Article 37

Articolo 37

Should the parties to a dispute of the nature referred to in Article 33 fail to settle it by the means indicated in that Article, they shall refer it to the Security Council.

Se le parti di una controversia della natura indicata nell'articolo 33 non riescono a regolarla con i mezzi indicati in tale articolo, esse devono deferirla al Consiglio di Sicurezza.

If the Security Council deems that the continuance of the dispute is in fact likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, it shall decide whether to take action under Article 36 or to recommend such terms of settlement as it may consider appropriate.

Se il Consiglio di Sicurezza ritiene che la continuazione della controversia sia in fatto suscettibile di mettere in pericolo il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale, esso decide se agire a norma dell'articolo 36, o raccomandare quella soluzione che ritenga adeguata.

Article 38

Articolo 38

Without prejudice to the provisions of Articles 33 to 37, the Security Council may, if all the parties to any dispute so request, make recommendations to the parties with a view to a pacific settlement of the dispute.

Senza pregiudizio delle disposizioni degli articoli 33 e 37, il Consiglio di Sicurezza può, se tutte le parti di una controversia lo richiedono, fare ad esse raccomandazioni per una soluzione pacifica della controversia.

CHAPTER VII

CAPITOLO VII

ACTION WITH RESPECT TO THREATS TO THE PEACE, BREACHES OF THE PEACE, AND ACTS OF AGGRESSION

AZIONE RISPETTO ALLE MINACCE ALLA PACE, ALLE VIOLAZIONI DELLA PACE ED AGLI ATTI DI AGGRESSIONE

Article 39

Articolo 39

The Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza accerta l'esistenza di una minaccia alla pace, di una violazione della pace, o di un atto di aggressione, e fa raccomandazione o decide quali misure debbano essere prese in conformità agli articoli 41 e 42 per mantenere o ristabilire la pace e la sicurezza internazionale.

Article 40

Articolo 40

In order to prevent an aggravation of the situation, the Security Council may, before making the recommendations or deciding upon the measures provided for in Article 39, call upon the parties concerned to comply with such provisional measures as it deems necessary or desirable.

Al scopo di prevenire un aggravarsi della situazione, il Consiglio di Sicurezza prima di fare le raccomandazioni o di decidere sulle misure previste all'articolo 41, può invitare le parti interessate ad ottemperare a quelle misure provvisorie che esso consideri necessarie o desiderabili.

Such provisional measures shall be without prejudice to the rights, claims, or position of the parties concerned.

Tali misure provvisorie non devono pregiudicare i diritti, le pretese o la posizione delle parti interessate.

The Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures.

11 Consiglio di Sicurezza prende in debito conto il mancato ottemperamento a tali misure provvisorie.

Article 41

Articolo 41

The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza può decidere quali misure, non implicanti l'impiego della forza armata, debbano essere adottate per dare effetto alle sue decisioni, e può invitare i membri delle Nazioni Unite ad applicare tali misure.

These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.

Queste possono comprendere un'interruzione totale o parziale delle relazioni economiche e delle comunicazioni ferroviarie, marittime, aeree, postali, telegrafiche, radio ed altre, e la rottura delle relazioni diplomatiche.

Article 42

Articolo 42

Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Se il Consiglio di Sicurezza ritiene che le misure previste nell'articolo 41 siano inadeguate o si siano dimostrate inadeguate, esso può intraprendere, con forze aeree, navali o terrestri, ogni azione che sia necessaria per mantenere o ristabilire la pace e la sicurezza internazionale.

Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.

Tale azione può comprendere dimostrazioni, blocchi ed altre operazioni mediante forze aeree, navali o terrestri di Membri delle Nazioni Unite.

Article 43

Articolo 43

All Members of the United Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.

Al scopo di contribuire al mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale, tutti i Membri delle Nazioni Unite si impegnano a mettere a disposizione del Consiglio di Sicurezza, a sua richiesta ed in conformità ad un accordo o ad accordi speciali, le forze armate, l'assistenza e le facilitazioni, compreso il diritto di passaggio, necessario per il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale.

Such agreement or agreements shall govern the numbers and types of forces, their degree of readiness and general location, and the nature of the facilities and assistance to be provided.

L'accordo o gli accordi suindicati determineranno il numero ed i tipi di forze armate, il loro grado di preparazione e la loro dislocazione generale, e la natura delle facilitazioni e dell'assistenza da fornirsi.

The agreement or agreements shall be negotiated as soon as possible on the initiative of the Security Council.

L'accordo o gli accordi saranno negoziati al più presto possibile su iniziativa del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

They shall be concluded between the Security Council and Members or between the Security Council and groups of Members and shall be subject to ratification by the signatory states in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.

Essi saranno conclusi tra il Consiglio di Sicurezza ed i singoli Membri, oppure tra il Consiglio di Sicurezza e i gruppi di Membri, e saranno soggetti a ratifica da parte degli Stati firmatari in conformità alle rispettive norme costituzionali.

Article 44

Articolo 44

When the Security Council has decided to use force it shall, before calling upon a Member not represented on it to provide armed forces in fulfilment of the obligations assumed under Article 43, invite that Member, if the Member so desires, to participate in the decisions of the Security Council concerning the employment of contingents of that Member's armed forces.

Quando il Consiglio di Sicurezza abbia deciso di impiegare la forza, esso, prima di richiedere ad un Membro non rappresentato nel Consiglio di fornire forze armate in esecuzione degli obblighi assunti a norma dell'articolo 43, inviterà tale Membro, ove questi lo desideri, a partecipare alle decisioni del Consiglio di Sicurezza concernenti l'impiego di contingenti di forze armate del Membro stesso.

Article 45

Articolo 45

In order to enable the United Nations to take urgent military measures, Members shall hold immediately available national air-force contingents for combined international enforcement action.

Al scopo di dare alle Nazioni Unite la possibilità di prendere misure militari urgenti, i Membri terranno ad immediata disposizione contingenti di forze aeree nazionali per l'esecuzione combinata di un'azione coercitiva internazionale.

The strength and degree of readiness of these contingents and plans for their combined action shall be determined within the limits laid down in the special agreement or agreements referred to in Article 43, by the Security Council with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee.

La forza ed il grado di preparazione di questi contingenti, ed i piani per la loro azione combinata, sono determinati, entro i limiti stabiliti nell'accordo o negli accordi speciali previsti dall'articolo 43, dal Consiglio di Sicurezza coadiuvato dal Comitato di Stato Maggiore.

Article 46

Articolo 46

Plans for the application of armed force shall be made by the Security Council with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee.

I piani per l'impiego delle forze armate sono stabiliti dal Consiglio di Sicurezza coadiuvato dal Comitato di Stato Maggiore.

Article 47

Articolo 47

There shall be established a Military Staff Committee to advise and assist the Security Council on all questions relating to the Security Council's military requirements for the maintenance of international peace and security, the employment and command of forces placed at its disposal, the regulation of armaments, and possible disarmament.

E' costituito un Comitato di Stato Maggiore per consigliare e coadiuvare il Consiglio di Sicurezza in tutte le questioni riguardanti le esigenze militari del Consiglio di Sicurezza per il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale, l'impiego ed il comando delle forze poste a sua disposizione, la disciplina degli armamenti e l'eventuale disarmo.

The Military Staff Committee shall consist of the Chiefs of Staff of the permanent members of the Security Council or their representatives.

Il Comitato di Stato Maggiore è composto dai capi di Stato Maggiore dei Membri permanenti del Consiglio di Sicurezza, o di loro rappresentanti.

Any Member of the United Nations not permanently represented on the Committee shall be invited by the Committee to be associated with it when the efficient discharge of the Committee's responsibilities requires the participation of that Member in its work.

Ogni Membro delle Nazioni Unite non rappresentato in modo permanente nel Comitato sarà invitato dal Comitato stesso ad associarsi ad esso quando l'efficiente adempimento dei compiti del Comitato richieda la partecipazione di tale Membro alla sua attività.

The Military Staff Committee shall be responsible under the Security Council for the strategic direction of any armed forces placed at the disposal of the Security Council.

11 Comitato di Stato Maggiore ha, alle dipendenze del Consiglio di Sicurezza, la responsabilità della direzione strategica di tutte le forze armate messe a disposizione del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

Questions relating to the command of such forces shall be worked out subsequently.

Le questioni concernenti il comando di tali forze saranno trattate in seguito.

The Military Staff Committee, with the authorization of the Security Council and after consultation with appropriate regional agencies, may establish regional sub-committees.

Con l'autorizzazione del Consiglio di Sicurezza e dopo consultazioni con le organizzazioni regionali competenti, il Comitato di Stato Maggiore può costituire dei sottocomitati regionali.

Article 48

Articolo 48

The action required to carry out the decisions of the Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security shall be taken by all the Members of the United Nations or by some of them, as the Security Council may determine.

L'azione necessaria per eseguire le decisioni del Consiglio di Sicurezza per il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale è intrapresa da tutti i Membri delle Nazioni Unite o da alcuni di essi secondo quanto stabilisca il Consiglio di Sicurezza.

Such decisions shall be carried out by the Members of the United Nations directly and through their action in the appropriate international agencies of which they are members.

Tali decisioni sono eseguite dai Membri delle Nazioni Unite direttamente o mediante la loro azione nelle organizzazioni internazionali competenti di cui siano Membri.

Article 49

Articolo 49

The Members of the United Nations shall join in affording mutual assistance in carrying out the measures decided upon by the Security Council.

I Membri delle Nazioni Unite si associano per prestarsi mutua assistenza nell'eseguire le misure deliberate dal Consiglio di Sicurezza.

Article 50

Articolo 50

If preventive or enforcement measures against any state are taken by the Security Council, any other state, whether a Member of the United Nations or not, which finds itself confronted with special economic problems arising from the carrying out of those measures shall have the right to consult the Security Council with regard to a solution of those problems.

Se il Consiglio di Sicurezza intraprende misure preventive contro uno Stato, ogni altro Stato, sia o non sia Membro delle Nazioni Unite, che si trovi di fronte a particolari difficoltà economiche derivanti dall'esecuzione di tali misure, ha diritto di consultare il Consiglio di Sicurezza riguardo ad una soluzione di tali difficoltà.

Article 51

Articolo 51

Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence if an armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security.

Nessuna disposizione del presente Statuto pregiudica il diritto naturale di autotutela individuale o collettiva, nel caso che abbia luogo un attacco armato contro un Membro delle Nazioni Unite, fintantoché il Consiglio di Sicurezza non abbia preso le misure necessarie per mantenere la pace e la sicurezza internazionale.

Measures taken by Members in the exercise of this right of self-defence shall be immediately reported to the Security Council and shall not in any way affect the authority and responsibility of the Security Council under the present Charter to take at any time such action as it deems necessary in order to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Le misure prese da Membri nell'esercizio di questo diritto di autotutela sono immediatamente portate a conoscenza del Consiglio di Sicurezza e non pregiudicano in alcun modo il potere e il compito spettanti, secondo il presente Statuto, al Consiglio di Sicurezza, di intraprendere in qualsiasi momento quell'azione che esso ritenga necessaria per mantenere o ristabilire la pace e la sicurezza internazionale.

CHAPTER VIII

CAPITOLO VIII

REGIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

ACCORDI REGIONALI

Article 52

Articolo 52

Nothing in the present Charter precludes the existence of regional arrangements or agencies for dealing with such matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security as are appropriate for regional action provided that such arrangements or agencies and their activities are consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.

Nessuna disposizione del presente Statuto preclude l'esistenza di accordi od organizzazioni regionali per la trattazione di quelle questioni concernenti il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale che si prestino ad un'azione regionale, purché tali accordi od organizzazioni e le loro attività siano conformi ai fini ed ai principi delle Nazioni Unite.

The Members of the United Nations entering into such arrangements or constituting such agencies shall make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies before referring them to the Security Council.

1 Membri delle Nazioni Unite che partecipino a tali accordi od organizzazioni devono fare ogni sforzo per giungere ad una soluzione pacifica delle controversie di carattere locale medianti tali accordi od organizzazioni regionali prima di deferirle al Consiglio di Sicurezza.

The Security Council shall encourage the development of pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies either on the initiative of the states concerned or by reference from the Security Council.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza incoraggia lo sviluppo della soluzione pacifica delle controversie di carattere locale, mediante gli accordi o le organizzazioni regionali, sia su iniziativa degli Stati interessati, sia per deferimento da parte del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

This Article in no way impairs the application of Articles 34 and 35.

Questo articolo non pregiudica in alcun modo l'applicazione degli articoli 34 e 35.

Article 53

Articolo 53

The Security Council shall, where appropriate, utilize such regional arrangements or agencies for enforcement action under its authority.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza utilizza, se del caso, gli accordi o le organizzazioni regionali per azioni coercitive sotto la sua direzione.

But no enforcement action shall be taken under regional arrangements or by regional agencies without the authorization of the Security Council, with the exception of measures against any enemy state, as defined in paragraph 2 of this Article, provided for pursuant to Article 107 or in regional arrangements directed against renewal of aggressive policy on the part of any such state, until such time as the Organization may, on request of the Governments concerned, be charged with the responsibility for preventing further aggression by such a state.

Tuttavia, nessuna azione coercitiva potrà venire intrapresa in base ad accordi regionali o da parte di organizzazioni regionali senza l'autorizzazione del Consiglio di Sicurezza, eccezion fatta per le misure contro uno Stato nemico, ai sensi della definizione data dal paragrafo 2 di questo articolo, quali sono previste dall'articolo 107 o da accordi regionali diretti contro un rinnovarsi della politica aggressiva da parte di un tale Stato, fino al momento in cui l'organizzazione potrà, su richiesta del Governo interessato, essere investita del compito di prevenire ulteriori aggressioni da parte del detto Stato.

The term enemy state as used in paragraph 1 of this Article applies to any state which during the Second World War has been an enemy of any signatory of the present Charter.

L'espressione "Stato nemico" quale è usata nel paragrafo 1 di questo articolo si riferisce ad ogni Stato che durante la seconda guerra mondiale sia stato nemico di uno dei firmatari del presente Statuto.

Article 54

Articolo 54

The Security Council shall at all times be kept fully informed of activities undertaken or in contemplation under regional arrangements or by regional agencies for the maintenance of international peace and security.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza deve essere tenuto, in ogni momento, pienamente informato dell'azione intrapresa o progettata in base ad accordi regionali o da parte di organizzazioni regionali per il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale.

CHAPTER IX

CAPITOLO IX

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CO-OPERATION

COOPERAZIONE INTERNAZIONALE ECONOMICA E SOCIALE

Article 55

Articolo 55

With a view to the creation of conditions of stability and well-being which are necessary for peaceful and friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, the United Nations shall promote:

Al scopo di creare le condizioni di stabilita e di benessere che sono necessarie per avere rapporti pacifici ed amichevoli fra le nazioni, basate sul rispetto del principio dell'uguaglianza dei diritti o dell'autodecisione dei popoli, le Nazioni Unite promuoveranno:

a.

a.

higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress and development;

un più elevato tenore di vita, il pieno impiego della mano d'opera, e condizioni di progresso e di sviluppo economico e sociale;

b.

b.

solutions of international economic, social, health, and related problems; and international cultural and educational cooperation; and

la soluzione dei problemi internazionali economici, sociali, sanitari e simili, e la collaborazione internazionale culturale ed educativa;

c.

c.

universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.

il rispetto e l'osservanza universale dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali per tutti, senza distinzione di razza, sesso, lingua o religione.

Article 56

Articolo 56

All Members pledge themselves to take joint and separate action in co-operation with the Organization for the achievement of the purposes set forth in Article 55.

I Membri si impegnano ad agire, collettivamente o singolarmente, in cooperazione con l'organizzazione per raggiungere i fini indicati all'articolo 55.

Article 57

Articolo 57

The various specialized agencies, established by intergovernmental agreement and having wide international responsibilities, as defined in their basic instruments, in economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related fields, shall be brought into relationship with the United Nations in accordance with the provisions of Article 63.

I vari istituti specializzati costituiti con accordi intergovernativi, ed aventi, in conformità ai loro Statuti, vasti compiti internazionali nei campi economico, sociale, culturale, educativo, sanitario e simili sono collegati con le Nazioni Unite in conformità alle disposizioni dell'articolo 63.

Such agencies thus brought into relationship with the United Nations are hereinafter referred to as specialized agencies.

Gli istituti così collegate con le Nazioni Unite sono qui di seguito indicati con l'espressione "Istituti specializzati".

Article 58

Articolo 58

The Organization shall make recommendations for the co-ordination of the policies and activities of the specialized agencies.

L'Organizzazione fa raccomandazioni per il coordinamento dei programmi e delle attività degli istituti specializzati.

Article 59

Articolo 59

The Organization shall, where appropriate, initiate negotiations among the states concerned for the creation of any new specialized agencies required for the accomplishment of the purposes set forth in Article 55.

L'Organizzazione promuove, se del caso, trattative tra gli Stati interessati per la creazione di nuovi istituti specializzati per il conseguimento dei fini indicati nell'articolo 55.

Article 60

Articolo 60

Responsibility for the discharge of the functions of the Organization set forth in this Chapter shall be vested in the General Assembly and, under the authority of the General Assembly, in the Economic and Social Council, which shall have for this purpose the powers set forth in Chapter X.

Il compito di adempiere le funzioni dell'Organizzazione indicate in questo capitolo spetta all'Assemblea Generale e, sotto la sua direzione, al Consiglio Economico e Sociale, che a tale scopo dispone dei poteri ad esso attribuiti dal capitolo X.

CHAPTER X

CAPITOLO X

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

CONSIGLIO ECONOMICO E SOCIA

COMPOSITION

Composizione

Article 61

Articolo 61

The Economic and Social Council shall consist of fifty-four Members of the United Nations elected by the General Assembly.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale si compone di cinquantaquattro Membri delle Nazioni Unite eletti dall'Assemblea Generale.

Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, eighteen members of the Economic and Social Council shall be elected each year for a term of three years.

Salve le disposizioni del paragrafo 3, diciotto Membri del Consiglio Economico e Sociale sono eletti ogni anno per un periodo di tre anni.

A retiring member shall be eligible for immediate re-election.

I Membri uscenti sono immediatamente rieleggibili.

At the first election after the increase in the membership of the Economic and Social Council from twenty-seven to fifty-four members, in addition to the members elected in place of the nine members whose term of office expires at the end of that year, twenty-seven additional members shall be elected.

Alla prima elezione successiva all'aumento da ventisette a cinquantaquattro Membri del Consiglio Economico e Sociale, oltre ai Membri eletti al posto dei nove Membri il cui mandato scade al termine dell'anno in corso, saranno eletti altri ventisette Membri.

Of these twenty-seven additional members, the term of office of nine members so elected shall expire at the end of one year, and of nine other members at the end of two years, in accordance with arrangements made by the General Assembly.

Di questi ventisette Membri aggiuntivi, il mandato di nove scadrà al termine di un anno, e quello di altri nove al termine di due anni, in conformità alle disposizioni che saranno prese dall'Assemblea Generale.

Each member of the Economic and Social Council shall have one representative.

Ogni Membro del Consiglio Economico e Sociale ha un rappresentante nel Consiglio .

FUNCTIONS and POWERS

Funzioni e Poteri

Article 62

Articolo 62

The Economic and Social Council may make or initiate studies and reports with respect to international economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related matters and may make recommendations with respect to any such matters to the General Assembly to the Members of the United Nations, and to the specialized agencies concerned.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale può compiere o promuovere studi o relazioni su questioni internazionali economiche e sociali, culturali, educative, sanitarie e simili, e può fare raccomandazioni riguardo a tali questioni all'Assemblea Generale, ai Membri delle Nazioni Unite, ed agli istituti specializzati interessati.

It may make recommendations for the purpose of promoting respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.

Esso può fare raccomandazioni al scopo di promuovere il rispetto e l'osservanza dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali per tutti.

It may prepare draft conventions for submission to the General Assembly, with respect to matters falling within its competence.

Esso può preparare progetti di convenzione da sottoporre all'Assemblea Generale riguardo a questioni che rientrino nella sua competenza.

It may call, in accordance with the rules prescribed by the United Nations,international conferences on matters falling within its competence.

Esso può convocare, in conformità alle norme stabilite dalle Nazioni Unite, conferenze internazionali su questioni che rientrino nella sua competenza.

Article 63

Articolo 63

The Economic and Social Council may enter into agreements with any of the agencies referred to in Article 57, defining the terms on which the agency concerned shall be brought into relationship with the United Nations.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale può concludere accordi con qualsiasi istituto di quelli indicati all'articolo 57 per definire le condizioni in base alle quali l'istituto considerato sarà collegato con le Nazioni Unite.

Such agreements shall be subject to approval by the General Assembly.

Tali accordi sono soggetti all'approvazione dell'Assemblea Generale.

It may co-ordinate the activities of the specialized agencies through consultation with and recommendations to such agencies and through recommendations to the General Assembly and to the Members of the United Nations.

Esso può coordinare le attività degli istituti specializzati mediante consultazioni con tali istituti e raccomandazioni ad essi come mediante raccomandazioni all'Assemblea Generale ed ai Membri delle Nazioni Unite.

Article 64

Articolo 64

The Economic and Social Council may take appropriate steps to obtain regular reports from the specialized agencies.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale può prendere opportune disposizioni per ricevere rapporti regolari dagli istituti specializzati.

It may make arrangements with the Members of the United Nations and with the specialized agencies to obtain reports on the steps taken to give effect to its own recommendations and to recommendations on matters falling within its competence made by the General Assembly.

Esso può concludere accordi con i Membri delle Nazioni Unite e con gli istituti specializzati al scopo di ottenere rapporti sulle misure prese per attuare le sue raccomandazioni e le raccomandazioni fatte dall'Assemblea Generale su questioni che rientrino nella sua competenza.

It may communicate its observations on these reports to the General Assembly.

Esso può comunicare all'Assemblea Generale le sue osservazioni su tali relazioni.

Article 65

Articolo 65

The Economic and Social Council may furnish information to the Security Council and shall assist the Security Council upon its request.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale può fornire informazioni al Consiglio di Sicurezza e coadiuvarlo ove esso lo richieda.

Article 66

Articolo 66

The Economic and Social Council shall perform such functions as fall within its competence in connexion with the carrying out of the recommendations of the General Assembly.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale assolve le funzioni che rientrano nella sua competenza relativamente all'esecuzione delle raccomandazioni dell'Assemblea Generale.

It may, with the approval of the General Assembly, perform services at the request of Members of the United Nations and at the request of specialized agencies.

Esso può, con l'approvazione dell'Assemblea Generale, eseguire servizi che siano richiesti da Membri delle Nazioni Unite o da istituti specializzati.

It shall perform such other functions as are specified elsewhere in the present Charter or as may be assigned to it by the General Assembly.

Esso adempie alle ulteriori funzioni che siano indicate in altre parti del presente Statuto o che possono essere ad esso attribuite dall'Assemblea Generale.

VOTING

VOTAZIONE

Article 67

Articolo 67

Each member of the Economic and Social Council shall have one vote.

Ogni Membro del Consiglio Economico e Sociale dispone di un voto.

Decisions of the Economic and Social Council shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.

Le decisioni del Consiglio Economico e Sociale sono prese a maggioranza dei Membri presenti e votanti.

PROCEDURE

Procedura

Article 68

Articolo 68

The Economic and Social Council shall set up commissions in economic and social fields and for the promotion of human rights, and such other commissions as may be required for the performance of its functions.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale istituisce commissioni per le questioni economiche e sociali e per promuovere i diritti dell'uomo, nonché quelle altre commissioni che possono essere richieste per l'adempimento delle sue funzioni.

Article 69

Articolo 69

The Economic and Social Council shall invite any Member of the United Nations to participate, without vote, in its deliberations on any matter of particular concern to that Member.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale inviterà ogni Membro delle Nazioni Unite a partecipare, senza diritto di voto, alle sue deliberazioni su qualsiasi questione di particolare interesse per tale Membro.

Article 70

Articolo 70

The Economic and Social Council may make arrangements for representatives of the specialized agencies to participate, without vote, in its deliberations and in those of the commissions established by it, and for its representatives to participate in the deliberations of the specialized agencies.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale può prendere disposizioni perché rappresentanti degli istituti specializzati partecipino, senza diritto di voto, alle sue deliberazioni ed a quelle delle commissioni da esso istituite, e perché i suoi rappresentanti partecipino alle deliberazioni degli istituti specializzati.

Article 71

Articolo 71

The Economic and Social Council may make suitable arrangements for consultation with non-governmental organizations which are concerned with matters within its competence.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale può prendere opportuni accordi per consultare le organizzazioni non governative interessate alle questioni che rientrino nella sua competenza.

Such arrangements may be made with international organizations and, where appropriate, with national organizations after consultation with the Member of the United Nations concerned.

Tali accordi possono essere presi con organizzazioni internazionali e, se del caso, con organizzazioni nazionali, previa consultazione con il Membro delle Nazioni Unite interessato.

Article 72

Articolo 72

The Economic and Social Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its President.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale stabilisce il proprio regolamento, che comprende le norme relative alla designazione del suo Presidente.

The Economic and Social Council shall meet as required in accordance with its rules, which shall include provision for the convening of meetings on the request of a majority of its members.

Il Consiglio Economico e Sociale n si riunisce secondo le esigenze, in conformità al proprio regolamento; quest'ultimo dovrà contenere disposizioni per la convocazione di riunioni a richiesta della maggioranza dei suoi Membri.

CHAPTER XI

CAPITOLO XI

DECLARATION REGARDING NON-SELF-GOVERNING TERRITORIES

DICHIARAZIONE CONCERNENTE I TERRITORI NON AUTONOMI

Article 73

Articolo 73

Members of the United Nations which have or assume responsibilities for the administration of territories whose peoples have not yet attained a full measure of self-government recognize the principle that the interests of the inhabitants of these territories are paramount, and accept as a sacred trust the obligation to promote to the utmost, within the system of international peace and security established by the present Charter, the well-being of the inhabitants of these territories, and, to this end:

I Membri delle Nazioni Unite, i quali abbiano od assumano la responsabilità dell'amministrazione di territori la cui popolazione non abbia ancora raggiunto una piena autonomia riconoscono il principio che gli interessi degli abitanti di tali territori sono preminenti, ed accettano come sacra missione l'obbligo di promuovere al massimo, nell'ambito del sistema di pace e di sicurezza internazionale istituito dal presente Statuto, il benessere degli abitanti di tali territori, e, a tal scopo, l'obbligo:

a.

a.

to ensure, with due respect for the culture of the peoples concerned, their political, economic, social, and educational advancement, their just treatment, and their protection against abuses;

di assicurare, con il dovuto rispetto per la cultura delle popolazioni interessate, il loro progresso politico, economico, sociale ed educativo, il loro giusto trattamento e la loro protezione contro gli abusi;

b.

b.

to develop self-government, to take due account of the political aspirations of the peoples, and to assist them in the progressive development of their free political institutions, according to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and their varying stages of advancement;

di sviluppare l'autogoverno delle popolazioni, di prendere in debita considerazione le aspirazioni politiche e di assisterle nel progressivo sviluppo delle loro libere istituzioni politiche, in armonia con le circostanze particolari di ogni territorio e delle sue popolazioni, e del loro diverso grado di sviluppo;

c.

c.

to further international peace and security;

di rinsaldare la pace e la sicurezza internazionale;

d.

d.

to promote constructive measures of development, to encourage research, and to co-operate with one another and, when and where appropriate, with specialized international bodies with a view to the practical achievement of the social, economic, and scientific purposes set forth in this Article; and

di promuovere misure costruttive di sviluppo, di incoraggiare ricerche, e di collaborare tra loro, e, quando e dove ne sia il caso, con gli istituti internazionali specializzati, per il pratico raggiungimento dei fini sociali, economici e scientifici enunciati in questo articolo;

e.

e.

to transmit regularly to the Secretary-General for information purposes, subject to such limitation as security and constitutional considerations may require, statistical and other information of a technical nature relating to economic, social, and educational conditions in the territories for which they are respectively responsible other than those territories to which Chapters XII and XIII apply.

di trasmettere regolarmente al Segretario Generale, a scopo d'informazione e con le limitazioni che possono essere richieste dalla sicurezza e da considerazioni costituzionali, dati statistici ed altre notizie di natura tecnica, riguardanti le condizioni economiche, sociali ed educative nei territori di cui sono rispettivamente responsabili, eccezion fatta per quei territori cui si applicano i capitoli XII e XIII.

Article 74

Articolo 74

Members of the United Nations also agree that their policy in respect of the territories to which this Chapter applies, no less than in respect of their metropolitan areas, must be based on the general principle of good-neighbourliness, due account being taken of the interests and well-being of the rest of the world, in social, economic, and commercial matters.

I Membri delle Nazioni Unite riconoscono altresì che la loro politica nei riguardi dei territori cui si riferisce questo capitolo, non meno che nei riguardi dei loro territori metropolitani, deve basarsi sul principio generale del buon vicinato in materia sociale economica e commerciale, tenuto il debito conto degli interessi e del benessere del resto del mondo.

CHAPTER XII

CAPITOLO XII

INTERNATIONAL TRUSTEESHIP SYSTEM

REGIME INTERNAZIONALE DI AMMINISTRAZIONE FIDUCIARIA

Article 75

Articolo 75

The United Nations shall establish under its authority an international trusteeship system for the administration and supervision of such territories as may be placed thereunder by subsequent individual agreements.

Le Nazioni Unite stabiliscono sotto la loro autorità un regime internazionale di amministrazione fiduciaria per l'amministrazione ed il controllo di quei territori che potranno essere sottoposti a tale regime con successive convenzioni particolari.

These territories are hereinafter referred to as trust territories.

Questi territori sono qui di seguito indicati con l'espressione "territori in amministrazione fiduciaria".

Article 76

Articolo 76

The basic objectives of the trusteeship system, in accordance with the Purposes of the United Nations laid down in Article 1 of the present Charter, shall be:

Gli obiettivi fondamentali del regime di amministrazione fiduciaria, in conformità ai fini delle Nazioni Unite enunciati nell'articolo 1 del presente Statuto, sono i seguenti:

a.

a.

to further international peace and security;

rinsaldare la pace e la sicurezza internazionale;

b.

b.

to promote the political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of the trust territories, and their progressive development towards self-government or independence as may be appropriate to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned, and as may be provided by the terms of each trusteeship agreement;

promuovere il progresso politico, economico, sociale ed educativo degli abitanti dei territori in amministrazione fiduciaria, ed il loro progressivo avviamento all'autonomia o all'indipendenza, tenendo conto delle particolari condizioni di ciascun territorio e delle sue popolazioni, delle aspirazioni liberamente manifestate dalle popolazioni interessate, e delle disposizioni che potranno essere previste da ciascuna convenzione di amministrazione fiduciaria;

c.

c.

to encourage respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion, and to encourage recognition of the interdependence of the peoples of the world; and

incoraggiare il rispetto dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali per tutti senza distinzione di razza, sesso, lingua, o religione, ed incoraggiare il riconoscimento della interdipendenza dei popoli del mondo;

d.

d.

to ensure equal treatment in social, economic, and commercial matters for all Members of the United Nations and their nationals, and also equal treatment for the latter in the administration of justice, without prejudice to the attainment of the foregoing objectives and subject to the provisions of Article 80.

di assicurare parità di trattamento in materia sociale, economica e commerciale a tutti i Membri delle Nazioni Unite ed ai loro cittadini e così pure uguaglianza di trattamento a questi ultimi nell'amministrazione della giustizia senza pregiudizio per il conseguimento dei sopraindicati obiettivi, e subordinatamente alle disposizioni dell'articolo 80.

Article 77

Articolo 77

The trusteeship system shall apply to such territories in the following categories as may be placed thereunder by means of trusteeship agreements:

Il regime di amministrazione fiduciaria sarà applicato ai territori delle seguenti categorie che vi siano sottoposti medianti convenzioni di amministrazione fiduciaria:

a.

a.

territories now held under mandate;

territori attualmente sottoposti a mandato;

b.

b.

territories which may be detached from enemy states as a result of the Second World War; and

territori che vengono tolti a Stati nemici in conseguenza della seconda guerra mondiale;

c.

c.

territories voluntarily placed under the system by states responsible for their administration.

territori sottoposti volontariamente a tale regime dagli Stati responsabili della loro amministrazione.

It will be a matter for subsequent agreement as to which territories in the foregoing categories will be brought under the trusteeship system and upon what terms.

Sarà oggetto di successivo accordo stabilire quali territori delle precedenti categorie saranno sottoposti al regime di amministrazione fiduciaria ed a quali condizioni.

Article 78

Articolo 78

The trusteeship system shall not apply to territories which have become Members of the United Nations, relationship among which shall be based on respect for the principle of sovereign equality.

Il regime di amministrazione fiduciaria non si applicherà ai territori che siano divenuti Membri delle Nazioni Unite, dovendo le relazioni tra questi essere fondate sul rispetto del principio della sovrana uguaglianza.

Article 79

Articolo 79

The terms of trusteeship for each territory to be placed under the trusteeship system, including any alteration or amendment, shall be agreed upon by the states directly concerned, including the mandatory power in the case of territories held under mandate by a Member of the United Nations, and shall be approved as provided for in Articles 83 and 85.

Le condizioni dell'amministrazione fiduciaria per ogni territorio da sottoporre al regime di amministrazione fiduciaria, come pure i relativi mutamenti od emendamenti, saranno convenuti tra gli Stati direttamente interessati, inclusa la potenza mandataria nel caso di territori sotto mandato di un Membro delle Nazioni Unite, e saranno approvati secondo le disposizioni degli articoli 83 e 85.

Article 80

Articolo 80

Except as may be agreed upon in individual trusteeship agreements, made under Articles 77, 79, and 81, placing each territory under the trusteeship system, and until such agreements have been concluded, nothing in this Chapter shall be construed in or of itself to alter in any manner the rights whatsoever of any states or any peoples or the terms of existing international instruments to which Members of the United Nations may respectively be parties.

Salvo quanto possa essere convenuto in singole convenzioni di amministrazione fiduciaria, stipulate a norme degli articoli 77, 79 e 81, per sottoporre ciascun territorio al regime di amministrazione fiduciaria, e fino a quando tali convenzioni non siano state concluse, nessuna disposizione di questo capitolo deve essere interpretata in maniera da modificare in alcun modo i diritti di uno Stato o di una popolazione, o le disposizioni di atti internazionali vigenti, di cui siano parte Membri delle Nazioni Unite.

Paragraph 1 of this Article shall not be interpreted as giving grounds for delay or postponement of the negotiation and conclusion of agreements for placing mandated and other territories under the trusteeship system as provided for in Article 77.

Il paragrafo 1 di questo articolo non deve essere interpretato in modo da dar motivo a ritardo o rinvio della negoziazione e stipulazione di convenzione per sottoporre al regime di amministrazione fiduciaria dei territori sotto mandato, od altri, secondo quanto è previsto dall'articolo 77.

Article 81

Articolo 81

The trusteeship agreement shall in each case include the terms under which the trust territory will be administered and designate the authority which will exercise the administration of the trust territory.

La convenzione di amministrazione fiduciaria dovrà in ogni caso comprendere le condizioni in base alle quali il territorio in questione sarà amministrato e designare l'autorità che eserciterà l'amministrazione del medesimo.

Such authority, hereinafter called the administering authority, may be one or more states or the Organization itself.

Tale autorità, qui di seguito indicata con l'espressione "autorità amministratrice", potrà essere costituita da uno Stato o da più Stati o dall'Organizzazione stessa.

Article 82

Articolo 82

There may be designated, in any trusteeship agreement, a strategic area or areas which may include part or all of the trust territory to which the agreement applies, without prejudice to any special agreement or agreements made under Article 43.

In ogni convenzione di amministrazione fiduciaria potranno essere designate una o più zone strategiche che potranno comprendere tutto il territorio sottoposto all'amministrazione fiduciaria, od una sua parte, senza alcun pregiudizio dell'accordo o degli accordi speciali stipulati a norma dell'articolo 43.

Article 83

Articolo 83

All functions of the United Nations relating to strategic areas, including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship agreements and of their alteration or amendment shall be exercised by the Security Council.

Tutte le funzioni delle Nazioni Unite relative alle zone strategiche, compresa l'approvazione delle disposizioni delle convenzioni di amministrazione fiduciaria e dei loro mutamenti od emendamenti, sono esercitate dal Consiglio di Sicurezza.

The basic objectives set forth in Article 76 shall be applicable to the people of each strategic area.

Gli obiettivi fondamentali indicati nell'articolo 76 valgono per la popolazione di ogni zona strategica.

The Security Council shall, subject to the provisions of the trusteeship agreements and without prejudice to security considerations, avail itself of the assistance of the Trusteeship Council to perform those functions of the United Nations under the trusteeship system relating to political, economic, social, and educational matters in the strategic areas.

Il Consiglio di Sicurezza si avvale, nel rispetto delle disposizioni delle convenzioni di amministrazione fiduciaria e senza pregiudizio delle considerazioni di sicurezza, dell'ausilio del Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria per esercitare, nelle zone strategiche, quelle funzioni che, in base al regime di amministrazione fiduciaria spettano alle Nazioni Unite in materia politica, economica, sociale ed educativa.

Article 84

Articolo 84

It shall be the duty of the administering authority to ensure that the trust territory shall play its part in the maintenance of international peace and security.

L'autorità amministratrice ha il dovere di fare in modo che il territorio amministrato prenda la sua parte al mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale.

To this end the administering authority may make use of volunteer forces, facilities, and assistance from the trust territory in carrying out the obligations towards the Security Council undertaken in this regard by the administering authority, as well as for local defence and the maintenance of law and order within the trust territory.

A questo scopo l'autorità amministratrice può servirsi di forze armate volontarie, di facilitazioni e di assistenza da parte del territorio in amministrazione fiduciaria per l'adempimento degli obblighi da essa assunti a tale riguardo verso il Consiglio di Sicurezza, come pure per la difesa locale e per il mantenimento dell'ordine nel territorio in amministrazione.

Article 85

Articolo 85

The functions of the United Nations with regard to trusteeship agreements for all areas not designated as strategic, including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship agreements and of their alteration or amendment, shall be exercised by the General Assembly.

Le funzioni delle Nazioni Unite in rapporto alle convenzioni di amministrazione fiduciaria per tutte le zone non definite come strategiche, compresa l'approvazione delle disposizioni delle convenzioni di amministrazione fiduciaria e dei loro mutamenti od emendamenti, sono esercitate dall'Assemblea generale.

The Trusteeship Council, operating under the authority of the General Assembly shall assist the General Assembly in carrying out these functions.

Il Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria operante sotto la direzione dell'Assemblea Generale coadiuva quest'ultima nell'adempimento di tali funzioni.

CHAPTER XIII

CAPITOLO XIII

THE TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL 

CONSIGLIO DI AMMINISTRAZIONE FIDUCIARIA

COMPOSITION

Composizione

Article 86

Articolo 86

The Trusteeship Council shall consist of the following Members of the United Nations:

Il Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria si compone dei seguenti Membri delle Nazioni Unite:

a.

a.

those Members administering trust territories;

Membri che amministrano territori in amministrazione fiduciaria;

b.

b.

such of those Members mentioned by name in Article 23 as are not administering trust territories; and

quelli, tra i Membri menzionati nominativamente nell'art. 23, che non amministrano territori in amministrazione fiduciaria;

c.

c.

as many other Members elected for three-year terms by the General Assembly as may be necessary to ensure that the total number of members of the Trusteeship Council is equally divided between those Members of the United Nations which administer trust territories and those which do not.

tanti altri Membri eletti per la durata di tre anni dall'Assemblea Generale quanti siano necessari per ottenere che il numero totale dei Membri del Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria si divida in parti uguali tra i Membri delle Nazioni Unite che amministrano territori in amministrazione fiduciaria e quelli che non ne amministrano.

Each member of the Trusteeship Council shall designate one specially qualified person to represent it therein.

Ogni Membro del Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria designa una persona particolarmente qualificata a rappresentarlo nel Consiglio stesso.

FUNCTIONS AND POWERS

FUNZIONI E POTERI

Article 87

Articolo 87

The General Assembly and, under its authority, the Trusteeship Council, in carrying out their functions, may:

L'Assemblea Generale e, sotto la sua direzione, il Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria, nell'esercizio delle loro funzioni, possono:

a.

a.

consider reports submitted by the administering authority;

esaminare le relazioni sottoposte dall'autorità amministratrice;

b.

b.

accept petitions and examine them in consultation with the administering authority;

ricevere petizioni, ed esaminarle consultandosi al riguardo con l'autorità amministratrice;

c.

c.

provide for periodic visits to the respective trust territories at times agreed upon with the administering authority; and

disporre visite periodiche ai rispettivi territori in amministrazione fiduciaria in epoche concordate con l'autorità amministratrice;

d.

d.

take these and other actions in conformity with the terms of the trusteeship agreements.

esercitare queste ed altre attività in conformità alle disposizioni delle convenzioni di amministrazione fiduciaria.

Article 88

Articolo 88

The Trusteeship Council shall formulate a questionnaire on the political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of each trust territory, and the administering authority for each trust territory within the competence of the General Assembly shall make an annual report to the General Assembly upon the basis of such questionnaire.

Il Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria formula un questionario sul progresso politico, economico, sociale ed educativo degli abitanti di ogni territorio in amministrazione fiduciaria e l'autorità amministratrice di ogni territorio che rientri nella competenza dell'Assemblea Generale presenta a quest'ultima una relazione annuale redatta in base a tale questionario.

VOTING

VOTAZIONE

Article 89

Articolo 89

Each member of the Trusteeship Council shall have one vote.

Ogni Membro del Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria dispone di un voto.

Decisions of the Trusteeship Council shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.

Le decisioni del Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria sono prese a maggioranza dei Membri presenti e votanti.

PROCEDURE

PROCEDURA

Article 90

Articolo 90

The Trusteeship Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its President.

Il Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria stabilisce il proprio regolamento che comprende le norme relative alla designazione del suo Presidente.

The Trusteeship Council shall meet as required in accordance with its rules, which shall include provision for the convening of meetings on the request of a majority of its members.

Il Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria si riunisce secondo le esigenze, in conformità al proprio regolamento; quest'ultimo dovrà contenere disposizioni per la convocazione di riunioni a richiesta della maggioranza dei suoi Membri.

Article 91

Articolo 91

The Trusteeship Council shall, when appropriate, avail itself of the assistance of the Economic and Social Council and of the specialized agencies in regard to matters with which they are respectively concerned.

Il Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria si avvale, se del caso, dell'assistenza del Consiglio Economico e Sociale e degli istituti specializzati per le questioni che attengano alle loro rispettive competenze.

CHAPTER XIV

CAPITOLO XIV

THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE 

CORTE INTERNAZIONALE DI GIUSTIZIA

Article 92

Articolo 92

The International Court of Justice shall be the principal judicial organ of the United Nations.

La Corte Internazionale di Giustizia costituisce il principale organo giurisdizionale delle Nazioni Unite.

It shall function in accordance with the annexed Statute, which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter.

Essa funziona in conformità allo Statuto annesso che e basato sullo Statuto della Corte Permanente di Giustizia Internazionale e forma parte integrante del presente Statuto.

Article 93

Articolo 93

All Members of the United Nations are ipso facto parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice.

Tutti i Membri delle Nazioni Unite sono ipso facto aderenti allo Statuto della Corte Internazionale di Giustizia.

A state which is not a Member of the United Nations may become a party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice on conditions to be determined in each case by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

Uno Stato non Membro delle Nazioni Unite può aderire allo Statuto della Corte Internazionale di Giustizia alle condizioni da determinarsi caso per caso dall'Assemblea Generale su proposta del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

Article 94

Articolo 94

Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to comply with the decision of the International Court of Justice in any case to which it is a party.

Ciascun Membro delle Nazioni Unite si impegna a conformarsi alla decisione della Corte Internazionale di Giustizia in ogni controversia di cui esso sia parte.

If any party to a case fails to perform the obligations incumbent upon it under a judgment rendered by the Court, the other party may have recourse to the Security Council, which may, if it deems necessary, make recommendations or decide upon measures to be taken to give effect to the judgment.

Se una delle parti di una controversia non adempie agli obblighi che le incombono per effetto di una sentenza resa dalla corte, l'altra parte può ricorrere al Consiglio di Sicurezza, il quale ha facoltà, ove lo ritenga necessario di fare raccomandazioni o di decidere circa le misure da prendere perché la sentenza abbia esecuzione.

Article 95

Articolo 95

Nothing in the present Charter shall prevent Members of the United Nations from entrusting the solution of their differences to other tribunals by virtue of agreements already in existence or which may be concluded in the future.

Nessuna disposizione del presente Statuto impedisce ai Membri delle Nazioni Unite di deferire la soluzione delle loro controversie ad altri tribunali in virtù di accordi già esistenti o che possano essere conclusi in avvenire.

Article 96

Articolo 96

The General Assembly or the Security Council may request the International Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on any legal question.

L'Assemblea Generale od il Consiglio di Sicurezza possono chiedere alla Corte Internazionale di Giustizia un parere consultivo su qualunque questione giuridica.

Other organs of the United Nations and specialized agencies, which may at any time be so authorized by the General Assembly, may also request advisory opinions of the Court on legal questions arising within the scope of their activities.

Gli altri organi delle Nazioni Unite e gli istituti specializzati, che siano a ciò autorizzati in qualunque momento dall'Assemblea Generale, hanno anch'essi la facoltà di chiedere alla Corte pareri su questioni giuridiche che sorgano nell'ambito delle loro attività.

CHAPTER XV

CAPITOLO XV

THE SECRETARIAT 

SEGRETARIATO

Article 97

Articolo 97

The Secretariat shall comprise a Secretary-General and such staff as the Organization may require.

Il Segretariato comprende un Segretario Generale ed il personale che l'Organizzazione possa richiedere.

The Secretary-General shall be appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

Il Segretario Generale è nominato dall'Assemblea Generale su proposta del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

He shall be the chief administrative officer of the Organization.

Egli è il più alto funzionario amministrativo dell'Organizzazione.

Article 98

Articolo 98

The Secretary-General shall act in that capacity in all meetings of the General Assembly, of the Security Council, of the Economic and Social Council, and of the Trusteeship Council, and shall perform such other functions as are entrusted to him by these organs.

Il Segretario Generale agisce in tale qualità in tutte le riunioni dell'Assemblea Generale, del Consiglio di Sicurezza, del Consiglio Economico e Sociale, del Consiglio di Amministrazione fiduciaria, ed esplica altresì quelle altre funzioni che gli siano affidate da tali organi.

The Secretary-General shall make an annual report to the General Assembly on the work of the Organization.

Il Segretario Generale presenta all'Assemblea Generale una relazione annuale sul lavoro svolto dall'Organizzazione.

Article 99

Articolo 99

The Secretary-General may bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security.

Il Segretario Generale può richiamare l'attenzione del Consiglio di Sicurezza su qualunque questione che, a suo avviso possa minacciare il mantenimento della pace e della sicurezza internazionale.

Article 100

Articolo 100

In the performance of their duties the Secretary-General and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any government or from any other authority external to the Organization.

Nell'adempimento dei loro doveri il Segretario Generale ed il personale non solleciteranno né riceveranno istruzioni da alcun Governo o da alcun'altra autorità estranea all'Organizzazione.

They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on their position as international officials responsible only to the Organization.

Essi dovranno astenersi da qualunque azione che possa compromettere la loro posizione di funzionari internazionali responsabili solo di fronte all'Organizzazione.

Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to respect the exclusively international character of the responsibilities of the Secretary-General and the staff and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their responsibilities.

Ciascun Membro delle Nazioni Unite si impegna a rispettare il carattere esclusivamente internazionale delle funzioni del Segretario Generale e del personale, ed a non cercare di influenzarli nell'adempimento delle loro mansioni.

Article 101

Articolo 101

The staff shall be appointed by the Secretary-General under regulations established by the General Assembly.

Il personale é nominato dal Segretario Generale secondo le norme stabilite dall'Assemblea Generale.

Appropriate staffs shall be permanently assigned to the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, and, as required, to other organs of the United Nations.

Appositi funzionari sono assegnati in via permanente al Consiglio Economico e Sociale, al Consiglio di Amministrazione Fiduciaria, e, secondo le necessità, ad altri organi delle Nazioni Unite.

These staffs shall form a part of the Secretariat.

questi funzionari fanno parte del Segretariato.

The paramount consideration in the employment of the staff and in the determination of the conditions of service shall be the necessity of securing the highest standards of efficiency, competence, and integrity.

La considerazione preminente nel reclutamento del personale e nella determinazione delle condizioni di impiego deve essere la necessità di assicurare il massimo grado di efficienza, competenza ed integrità.

Due regard shall be paid to the importance of recruiting the staff on as wide a geographical basis as possible.

Sara data la debita considerazione all'importanza di reclutare il personale sulla base del criterio geografico più esteso possibile.

CHAPTER XVI

CAPITOLO XVI

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

DISPOSIZIONI VARIE

Article 102

Articolo 102

Every treaty and every international agreement entered into by any Member of the United Nations after the present Charter comes into force shall as soon as possible be registered with the Secretariat and published by it.

Ogni trattato ed ogni accordo internazionale stipulato da un Membro delle Nazioni Unite dopo l'entrata in vigore del presente Statuto deve essere registrato al più presto possibile presso il Segretariato e pubblicato a cura di quest'ultimo.

No party to any such treaty or international agreement which has not been registered in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article may invoke that treaty or agreement before any organ of the United Nations.

Nessuno dei contraenti di un trattato o accordo internazionale che non sia stato registrato in conformità alle disposizioni del paragrafo 1 di questo articolo, potrà invocare il detto trattato o accordo davanti ad un organo delle Nazioni Unite.

Article 103

Articolo 103

In the event of a conflict between the obligations of the Members of the United Nations under the present Charter and their obligations under any other international agreement, their obligations under the present Charter shall prevail.

In caso di contrasto tra gli obblighi contratti dai Membri delle Nazioni Unite con il presente Statuto e gli obblighi da esso assunti in base a qualsiasi altro accordo internazionale prevarranno gli obblighi derivanti dal presente Statuto.

Article 104

Articolo 104

The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfilment of its purposes.

L'Organizzazione gode, nel territorio di ciascuno dei suoi Membri, della capacità giuridica necessaria per l'esercizio delle sue funzioni e per il conseguimento dei suoi fini.

Article 105

Articolo 105

The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfilment of its purposes.

L'Organizzazione gode, nel territorio di ciascuno dei suoi Membri, dei privilegi e delle immunità necessari per il conseguimento dei suoi fini.

Representatives of the Members of the United Nations and officials of the Organization shall similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connexion with the Organization.

I rappresentanti dei Membri delle Nazioni Unite ed i funzionari dell'Organizzazione godranno parimenti dei privilegi e delle immunità necessari per l'esercizio indipendente delle loro funzioni inerenti all'Organizzazione.

The General Assembly may make recommendations with a view to determining the details of the application of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article or may propose conventions to the Members of the United Nations for this purpose.

L'Assemblea Generale può fare raccomandazioni allo scopo di determinare i dettagli dell'applicazione dei paragrafi 1 e 2 di questo articolo, o proporre ai Membri delle Nazioni Unite delle convenzioni a tal scopo

CHAPTER XVII

CAPITOLO XVII

TRANSITIONAL SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS

DISPOSIZIONI TRANSITORIE DI SICUREZZA

Article 106

Articolo 106

Pending the coming into force of such special agreements referred to in Article 43 as in the opinion of the Security Council enable it to begin the exercise of its responsibilities under Article 42, the parties to the Four-Nation Declaration, signed at Moscow, 30 October 1943, and France, shall, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 5 of that Declaration, consult with one another and as occasion requires with other Members of the United Nations with a view to such joint action on behalf of the Organization as may be necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.

In attesa che entrino in vigore accordi speciali, previsti dall'articolo 43, tali, secondo il parere del Consiglio di Sicurezza, da rendere ad esso possibile di iniziare l'esercizio delle proprie funzioni a norma dell'articolo 42, gli Stati partecipanti alla Dichiarazione delle Quattro Potenze, firmata a Mosca, il 30 Ottobre 1943, e la Francia, giusta le disposizioni del paragrafo 5 di quella Dichiarazione, si consulteranno tra loro e, quando lo richiedano le circostanze, con altri Membri delle Nazioni Unite in vista di quell'azione comune necessaria al scopo di mantenere la pace e la sicurezza internazionale.

Article 107

Articolo 107

Nothing in the present Charter shall invalidate or preclude action, in relation to any state which during the Second World War has been an enemy of any signatory to the present Charter, taken or authorized as a result of that war by the Governments having responsibility for such action.

Nessuna disposizione del presente Statuto può infirmare o precludere, nei confronti di uno Stato che nella seconda guerra mondiale sia stato nemico di uno dei firmatari del presente Statuto, un'azione che venga intrapresa od autorizzata, come conseguenza di quella guerra, da parte dei Governi che hanno la responsabilità di una tale azione.

CHAPTER XVIII

CAPITOLO XVIII

AMENDMENTS

EMENDAMENTI

Article 108

Articolo 108

Amendments to the present Charter shall come into force for all Members of the United Nations when they have been adopted by a vote of two thirds of the members of the General Assembly and ratified in accordance with their respective constitutional processes by two thirds of the Members of the United Nations, including all the permanent members of the Security Council.

Gli emendamenti al presente Statuto entreranno in vigore per tutti i Membri delle Nazioni Unite quando saranno stati adottati alla maggioranza dei due terzi dei Membri dell'Assemblea Generale e ratificati, in conformità alle rispettive norme costituzionali, da due terzi dei Membri delle Nazioni Unite, ivi compresi tutti i Membri permanenti del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

Article 109

Articolo 109

A General Conference of the Members of the United Nations for the purpose of reviewing the present Charter may be held at a date and place to be fixed by a two-thirds vote of the members of the General Assembly and by a vote of any nine members of the Security Council.

Una Conferenza Generale dei Membri delle Nazioni Unite per la revisione del presente Statuto potrà essere tenuta alla data e nel luogo da stabilirsi con un voto a maggioranza dei due terzi dei Membri dell'Assemblea Generale e con un voto di nove Membri qualsiasi del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

Each Member of the United Nations shall have one vote in the conference.

Ogni Membro delle Nazioni Unite disporrà di un voto alla Conferenza.

Any alteration of the present Charter recommended by a two-thirds vote of the conference shall take effect when ratified in accordance with their respective constitutional processes by two thirds of the Members of the United Nations including all the permanent members of the Security Council.

Qualunque modificazione del presente Statuto proposta dalla Conferenza alla maggioranza dei due terzi entrerà in vigore quando sarà stata ratificata, in conformità alle rispettive norme costituzionali, dai due terzi dei Membri delle Nazioni Unite, ivi compresi tutti i Membri permanenti del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

If such a conference has not been held before the tenth annual session of the General Assembly following the coming into force of the present Charter, the proposal to call such a conference shall be placed on the agenda of that session of the General Assembly, and the conference shall be held if so decided by a majority vote of the members of the General Assembly and by a vote of any seven members of the Security Council.

Se tale Conferenza non sarà tenuta prima della decima sessione annuale dell'Assemblea Generale susseguente all'entrata in vigore del presente Statuto, la proposta di convocare tale Conferenza dovrà essere iscritta all'ordine del giorno di quella sessione dell'Assemblea Generale, e la Conferenza sarà tenuta se così sarà stato deciso con un voto a maggioranza dei due terzi dei Membri dell'Assemblea Generale e con un voto di sette Membri qualsiasi del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

CHAPTER XIX

CAPITOLO XIX

RATIFICATION AND SIGNATURE

RATIFICA E FIRMA

Article 110

Articolo 110

The present Charter shall be ratified by the signatory states in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.

Il presente Statuto sarà ratificato dagli Stati firmatari in conformità alle rispettive norme costituzionali.

The ratifications shall be deposited with the Government of the United States of America, which shall notify all the signatory states of each deposit as well as the Secretary-General of the Organization when he has been appointed.

Le ratifiche saranno depositate presso il Governo degli Stati Uniti d'America che notificherà ogni deposito a tutti gli Stati firmatari ed al Segretario Generale dell'Organizzazione non appena questi sia stato nominato.

The present Charter shall come into force upon the deposit of ratifications by the Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America, and by a majority of the other signatory states.

Il presente Statuto entrerà in vigore dopo il deposito delle ratifiche da parte della Repubblica di Cina, della Francia, dell'Unione delle Repubbliche Socialiste Sovietiche, del Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna ed Irlanda Settentrionale, degli Stati Uniti d'America e della maggioranza degli altri Stati firmatari.

A protocol of the ratifications deposited shall thereupon be drawn up by the Government of the United States of America which shall communicate copies thereof to all the signatory states.

Un processo verbale del deposito delle ratifiche sarà quindi redatto a cura del Governo degli Stati Uniti d'America che ne comunicherà copia a tutti gli Stati firmatari.

The states signatory to the present Charter which ratify it after it has come into force will become original Members of the United Nations on the date of the deposit of their respective ratifications.

Gli Stati firmatari del presente Statuto che lo ratificheranno dopo la sua entrata in vigore diventeranno Membri originari delle Nazioni Unite dalla data del deposito delle loro rispettive ratifiche.

Article 111

Articolo 111

The present Charter, of which the Chinese, French, Russian, English, and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall remain deposited in the archives of the Government of the United States of America.

Il presente Statuto, di cui i testi cinese, inglese, francese, russo e spagnolo fanno ugualmente fede, sarà depositato negli archivi del Governo degli Stati Uniti d'America.

Duly certified copies thereof shall be transmitted by that Government to the Governments of the other signatory states.

Copie debitamente autenticate saranno trasmesse da quel Governo ai Governi degli altri Stati firmatari.

IN FAITH WHEREOF the representatives of the Governments of the United Nations have signed the present Charter.

IN FEDE DI CHE i rappresentanti dei Governi delle Nazioni Unite hanno firmato il presente Statuto.

DONE at the city of San Francisco the twenty-sixth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five.

FATTO a San Francisco il ventisei giugno millenovecentoquarantacinque.



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CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS

PREAMBLE

WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED

to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and

to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and

to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and

to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

AND FOR THESE ENDS

to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and

to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples,

HAVE RESOLVED TO COMBINE OUR EFFORTS TO ACCOMPLISH THESE AIMS

Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an international organization to be known as the United Nations.

CHAPTER I

PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES

Article 1

The Purposes of the United Nations are:

To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;

To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;

To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and

To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.

Article 2

The Organization and its Members, in pursuit of the Purposes stated in Article 1, shall act in accordance with the following Principles.

The Organization is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members.

All Members, in order to ensure to all of them the rights and benefits resulting from membership, shall fulfill in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present Charter.

All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.

All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.

All Members shall give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present Charter, and shall refrain from giving assistance to any state against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.

The Organization shall ensure that states which are not Members of the United Nations act in accordance with these Principles so far as may be necessary for the maintenance of international peace and security.

Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the present Charter; but this principle shall not prejudice the application of enforcement measures under Chapter Vll.

CHAPTER II

MEMBERSHIP

Article 3

The original Members of the United Nations shall be the states which, having participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco, or having previously signed the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, sign the present Charter and ratify it in accordance with Article 110.

Article 4

1.

Membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations.

2.

The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

Article 5

A Member of the United Nations against which preventive or enforcement action has been taken by the Security Council may be suspended from the exercise of the rights and privileges of membership by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

The exercise of these rights and privileges may be restored by the Security Council.

Article 6

A Member of the United Nations which has persistently violated the Principles contained in the present Charter may be expelled from the Organization by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

CHAPTER III

ORGANS

Article 7

There are established as the principal organs of the United Nations:

a General Assembly

 

a Security Council

an Economic and Social Council

a Trusteeship Council

an International Court of Justice

and a Secretariat.

Such subsidiary organs as may be found necessary may be established in accordance with the present Charter.

Article 8

The United Nations shall place no restrictions on the eligibility of men and women to participate in any capacity and under conditions of equality in its principal and subsidiary organs.

CHAPTER IV

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

COMPOSITION

Article 9

The General Assembly shall consist of all the Members of the United Nations.

Each Member shall have not more than five representatives in the General Assembly.

FUNCTIONS AND POWERS

Article 10

The General Assembly may discuss any questions or any matters within the scope of the present Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any organs provided for in the present Charter, and, except as provided in Article 12, may make recommendations to the Members of the United Nations or to the Security Council or to both on any such questions or matters.

Article 11

The General Assembly may consider the general principles of co-operation in the maintenance of international peace and security, including the principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments, and may make recommendations with regard to such principles to the Members or to the Security Council or to both.

The General Assembly may discuss any questions relating to the maintenance of international peace and security brought before it by any Member of the United Nations, or by the Security Council, or by a state which is not a Member of the United Nations in accordance with Article 35, paragraph 2, and, except as provided in Article 12, may make recommendations with regard to any such questions to the state or states concerned or to the Security Council or to both.

Any such question on which action is necessary shall be referred to the Security Council by the General Assembly either before or after discussion.

The General Assembly may call the attention of the Security Council to situations which are likely to endanger international peace and security.

The powers of the General Assembly set forth in this Article shall not limit the general scope of Article 10.

Article 12

While the Security Council is exercising in respect of any dispute or situation the functions assigned to it in the present Charter, the General Assembly shall not make any recommendation with regard to that dispute or situation unless the Security Council so requests.

The Secretary-General, with the consent of the Security Council, shall notify the General Assembly at each session of any matters relative to the maintenance of international peace and security which are being dealt with by the Security Council and shall similarly notify the General Assembly, or the Members of the United Nations if the General Assembly is not in session, immediately the Security Council ceases to deal with suchmatters.

Article 13

The General Assembly shall initiate studies and make recommendations for the purpose of:

a.

promoting international co-operation in the political field and encouraging the progressive development of international law and its codification;

b.

promoting international co-operation in the economic, social, cultural, educational, and health fields, and assisting in the realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.

The further responsibilities, functions and powers of the General Assembly with respect to matters mentioned in paragraph 1 (b) above are set forth in Chapters IX and X.

Article 14

Subject to the provisions of Article 12, the General Assembly may recommend measures for the peaceful adjustment of any situation, regardless of origin, which it deems likely to impair the general welfare or friendly relations among nations, including situations resulting from a violation of the provisions of the present Charter setting forth the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.

Article 15

The General Assembly shall receive and consider annual and special reports from the Security Council; these reports shall include an account of the measures that the Security Council has decided upon or taken to maintain international peace and security.

The General Assembly shall receive and consider reports from the other organs of the United Nations.

Article 16

The General Assembly shall perform such functions with respect to the international trusteeship system as are assigned to it under Chapters XII and XIII, including the approval of the trusteeship agreements for areas not designated as strategic.

Article 17

The General Assembly shall consider and approve the budget of the Organization.

The expenses of the Organization shall be borne by the Members as apportioned by the General Assembly.

The General Assembly shall consider and approve any financial and budgetary arrangements with specialized agencies referred to in Article 57 and shall examine the administrative budgets of such specialized agencies with a view to making recommendations to the agencies concerned.

VOTING

Article 18

Each member of the General Assembly shall have one vote.

Decisions of the General Assembly on important questions shall be made by a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting.

These questions shall include: recommendations with respect to the maintenance of international peace and security, the election of the non-permanent members of the Security Council, the election of the members of the Economic and Social Council, the election of members of the Trusteeship Council in accordance with paragraph 1 (c) of Article 86, the admission of new Members to the United Nations, the suspension of the rights and privileges of membership, the expulsion of Members, questions relating to the operation of the trusteeship system, and budgetary questions.

Decisions on other questions, including the determination of additional categories of questions to be decided by a two-thirds majority, shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.

Article 19

A Member of the United Nations which is in arrears in the payment of its financial contributions to the Organization shall have no vote in the General Assembly if the amount of its arrears equals or exceeds the amount of the contributions due from it for the preceding two full years.

The General Assembly may, nevertheless, permit such a Member to vote if it is satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the Member.

PROCEDURE

Article 20

The General Assembly shall meet in regular annual sessions and in such special sessions as occasion may require.

Special sessions shall be convoked by the Secretary-General at the request of the Security Council or of a majority of the Members of the United Nations.

Article 21

The General Assembly shall adopt its own rules of procedure.

It shall elect its President for each session.

Article 22

The General Assembly may establish such subsidiary organs as it deems necessary for the performance of its functions.

CHAPTER V

THE SECURITY COUNCIL

COMPOSITION

Article 23

The Security Council shall consist of fifteen Members of the United Nations.

The Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America shall be permanent members of the Security Council.

The General Assembly shall elect ten other Members of the United Nations to be non-permanent members of the Security Council, due regard being specially paid, in the first instance to the contribution of Members of the United Nations to the maintenance of international peace and security and to the other purposes of the Organization, and also to equitable geographical distribution.

The non-permanent members of the Security Council shall be elected for a term of two years.

In the first election of the non-permanent members after the increase of the membership of the Security Council from eleven to fifteen, two of the four additional members shall be chosen for a term of one year.

A retiring member shall not be eligible for immediate re-election.

Each member of the Security Council shall have one representative.

FUNCTIONS and POWERS

Article 24

In order to ensure prompt and effective action by the United Nations,its Members confer on the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, and agree that in carrying out its duties under this responsibility the Security Council acts on their behalf.

In discharging these duties the Security Council shall act in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.

The specific powers granted to the Security Council for the discharge of these duties are laid down in Chapters VI, VII, VIII, and XII.

The Security Council shall submit annual and, when necessary, special reports to the General Assembly for its consideration.

Article 25

The Members of the United Nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council in accordance with the present Charter.

Article 26

In order to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion for armaments of the world's human and economic resources, the Security Council shall be responsible for formulating, with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee referred to in Article 47, plans to be submitted to the Members of the United Nations for the establishment of a system for the regulation of armaments.

VOTING

Article 27

Each member of the Security Council shall have one vote.

Decisions of the Security Council on procedural matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members.

Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members; provided that, in decisions under Chapter VI, and under paragraph 3 of Article 52, a party to a dispute shall abstain from voting.

PROCEDURE

Article 28

The Security Council shall be so organized as to be able to function continuously.

Each member of the Security Council shall for this purpose be represented at all times at the seat of the Organization.

The Security Council shall hold periodic meetings at which each of its members may, if it so desires, be represented by a member of the government or by some other specially designated representative.

The Security Council may hold meetings at such places other than the seat of the Organization as in its judgment will best facilitate its work.

Article 29

The Security Council may establish such subsidiary organs as it deems necessary for the performance of its functions.

Article 30

The Security Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its President.

Article 31

Any Member of the United Nations which is not a member of the Security Council may participate, without vote, in the discussion of any question brought before the Security Council whenever the latter considers that the interests of that Member are specially affected.

Article 32

Any Member of the United Nations which is not a member of the Security Council or any state which is not a Member of the United Nations, if it is a party to a dispute under consideration by the Security Council, shall be invited to participate, without vote, in the discussion relating to the dispute.

The Security Council shall lay down such conditions as it deems just for the participation of a state which is not a Member of the United Nations.

CHAPTER VI

PACIFIC SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

Article 33

The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.

The Security Council shall, when it deems necessary, call upon the parties to settle their dispute by such means.

Article 34

The Security Council may investigate any dispute, or any situation which might lead to international friction or give rise to a dispute, in order to determine whether the continuance of the dispute or situation is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security.

Article 35

Any Member of the United Nations may bring any dispute, or any situation of the nature referred to in Article 34, to the attention of the Security Council or of the General Assembly.

A state which is not a Member of the United Nations may bring to the attention of the Security Council or of the General Assembly any dispute to which it is a party if it accepts in advance, for the purposes of the dispute, the obligations of pacific settlement provided in the present Charter.

The proceedings of the General Assembly in respect of matters brought to its attention under this Article will be subject to the provisions of Articles 11 and 12.

Article 36

The Security Council may, at any stage of a dispute of the nature referred to in Article 33 or of a situation of like nature, recommend appropriate procedures or methods of adjustment.

The Security Council should take into consideration any procedures for the settlement of the dispute which have already been adopted by the parties.

In making recommendations under this Article the Security Council should also take into consideration that legal disputes should as a general rule be referred by the parties to the International Court of Justice in accordance with the provisions of the Statute of the Court.

Article 37

Should the parties to a dispute of the nature referred to in Article 33 fail to settle it by the means indicated in that Article, they shall refer it to the Security Council.

If the Security Council deems that the continuance of the dispute is in fact likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, it shall decide whether to take action under Article 36 or to recommend such terms of settlement as it may consider appropriate.

Article 38

Without prejudice to the provisions of Articles 33 to 37, the Security Council may, if all the parties to any dispute so request, make recommendations to the parties with a view to a pacific settlement of the dispute.

CHAPTER VII

ACTION WITH RESPECT TO THREATS TO THE PEACE, BREACHES OF THE PEACE, AND ACTS OF AGGRESSION

Article 39

The Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Article 40

In order to prevent an aggravation of the situation, the Security Council may, before making the recommendations or deciding upon the measures provided for in Article 39, call upon the parties concerned to comply with such provisional measures as it deems necessary or desirable.

Such provisional measures shall be without prejudice to the rights, claims, or position of the parties concerned.

The Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures.

Article 41

The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures.

These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.

Article 42

Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.

Article 43

All Members of the United Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.

Such agreement or agreements shall govern the numbers and types of forces, their degree of readiness and general location, and the nature of the facilities and assistance to be provided.

The agreement or agreements shall be negotiated as soon as possible on the initiative of the Security Council.

They shall be concluded between the Security Council and Members or between the Security Council and groups of Members and shall be subject to ratification by the signatory states in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.

Article 44

When the Security Council has decided to use force it shall, before calling upon a Member not represented on it to provide armed forces in fulfilment of the obligations assumed under Article 43, invite that Member, if the Member so desires, to participate in the decisions of the Security Council concerning the employment of contingents of that Member's armed forces.

Article 45

In order to enable the United Nations to take urgent military measures, Members shall hold immediately available national air-force contingents for combined international enforcement action.

The strength and degree of readiness of these contingents and plans for their combined action shall be determined within the limits laid down in the special agreement or agreements referred to in Article 43, by the Security Council with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee.

Article 46

Plans for the application of armed force shall be made by the Security Council with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee.

Article 47

There shall be established a Military Staff Committee to advise and assist the Security Council on all questions relating to the Security Council's military requirements for the maintenance of international peace and security, the employment and command of forces placed at its disposal, the regulation of armaments, and possible disarmament.

The Military Staff Committee shall consist of the Chiefs of Staff of the permanent members of the Security Council or their representatives.

Any Member of the United Nations not permanently represented on the Committee shall be invited by the Committee to be associated with it when the efficient discharge of the Committee's responsibilities requires the participation of that Member in its work.

The Military Staff Committee shall be responsible under the Security Council for the strategic direction of any armed forces placed at the disposal of the Security Council.

Questions relating to the command of such forces shall be worked out subsequently.

The Military Staff Committee, with the authorization of the Security Council and after consultation with appropriate regional agencies, may establish regional sub-committees.

Article 48

The action required to carry out the decisions of the Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security shall be taken by all the Members of the United Nations or by some of them, as the Security Council may determine.

Such decisions shall be carried out by the Members of the United Nations directly and through their action in the appropriate international agencies of which they are members.

Article 49

The Members of the United Nations shall join in affording mutual assistance in carrying out the measures decided upon by the Security Council.

Article 50

If preventive or enforcement measures against any state are taken by the Security Council, any other state, whether a Member of the United Nations or not, which finds itself confronted with special economic problems arising from the carrying out of those measures shall have the right to consult the Security Council with regard to a solution of those problems.

Article 51

Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence if an armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security.

Measures taken by Members in the exercise of this right of self-defence shall be immediately reported to the Security Council and shall not in any way affect the authority and responsibility of the Security Council under the present Charter to take at any time such action as it deems necessary in order to maintain or restore international peace and security.

CHAPTER VIII

REGIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

Article 52

Nothing in the present Charter precludes the existence of regional arrangements or agencies for dealing with such matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security as are appropriate for regional action provided that such arrangements or agencies and their activities are consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.

The Members of the United Nations entering into such arrangements or constituting such agencies shall make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies before referring them to the Security Council.

The Security Council shall encourage the development of pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies either on the initiative of the states concerned or by reference from the Security Council.

This Article in no way impairs the application of Articles 34 and 35.

Article 53

The Security Council shall, where appropriate, utilize such regional arrangements or agencies for enforcement action under its authority.

But no enforcement action shall be taken under regional arrangements or by regional agencies without the authorization of the Security Council, with the exception of measures against any enemy state, as defined in paragraph 2 of this Article, provided for pursuant to Article 107 or in regional arrangements directed against renewal of aggressive policy on the part of any such state, until such time as the Organization may, on request of the Governments concerned, be charged with the responsibility for preventing further aggression by such a state.

The term enemy state as used in paragraph 1 of this Article applies to any state which during the Second World War has been an enemy of any signatory of the present Charter.

Article 54

The Security Council shall at all times be kept fully informed of activities undertaken or in contemplation under regional arrangements or by regional agencies for the maintenance of international peace and security.

CHAPTER IX

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CO-OPERATION

Article 55

With a view to the creation of conditions of stability and well-being which are necessary for peaceful and friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, the United Nations shall promote:

a.

higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress and development;

b.

solutions of international economic, social, health, and related problems; and international cultural and educational cooperation; and

c.

universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.

Article 56

All Members pledge themselves to take joint and separate action in co-operation with the Organization for the achievement of the purposes set forth in Article 55.

Article 57

The various specialized agencies, established by intergovernmental agreement and having wide international responsibilities, as defined in their basic instruments, in economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related fields, shall be brought into relationship with the United Nations in accordance with the provisions of Article 63.

Such agencies thus brought into relationship with the United Nations are hereinafter referred to as specialized agencies.

Article 58

The Organization shall make recommendations for the co-ordination of the policies and activities of the specialized agencies.

Article 59

The Organization shall, where appropriate, initiate negotiations among the states concerned for the creation of any new specialized agencies required for the accomplishment of the purposes set forth in Article 55.

Article 60

Responsibility for the discharge of the functions of the Organization set forth in this Chapter shall be vested in the General Assembly and, under the authority of the General Assembly, in the Economic and Social Council, which shall have for this purpose the powers set forth in Chapter X.

CHAPTER X

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

COMPOSITION

Article 61

The Economic and Social Council shall consist of fifty-four Members of the United Nations elected by the General Assembly.

Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, eighteen members of the Economic and Social Council shall be elected each year for a term of three years.

A retiring member shall be eligible for immediate re-election.

At the first election after the increase in the membership of the Economic and Social Council from twenty-seven to fifty-four members, in addition to the members elected in place of the nine members whose term of office expires at the end of that year, twenty-seven additional members shall be elected.

Of these twenty-seven additional members, the term of office of nine members so elected shall expire at the end of one year, and of nine other members at the end of two years, in accordance with arrangements made by the General Assembly.

Each member of the Economic and Social Council shall have one representative.

FUNCTIONS and POWERS

Article 62

The Economic and Social Council may make or initiate studies and reports with respect to international economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related matters and may make recommendations with respect to any such matters to the General Assembly to the Members of the United Nations, and to the specialized agencies concerned.

It may make recommendations for the purpose of promoting respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.

It may prepare draft conventions for submission to the General Assembly, with respect to matters falling within its competence.

It may call, in accordance with the rules prescribed by the United Nations,international conferences on matters falling within its competence.

Article 63

The Economic and Social Council may enter into agreements with any of the agencies referred to in Article 57, defining the terms on which the agency concerned shall be brought into relationship with the United Nations.

Such agreements shall be subject to approval by the General Assembly.

It may co-ordinate the activities of the specialized agencies through consultation with and recommendations to such agencies and through recommendations to the General Assembly and to the Members of the United Nations.

Article 64

The Economic and Social Council may take appropriate steps to obtain regular reports from the specialized agencies.

It may make arrangements with the Members of the United Nations and with the specialized agencies to obtain reports on the steps taken to give effect to its own recommendations and to recommendations on matters falling within its competence made by the General Assembly.

It may communicate its observations on these reports to the General Assembly.

Article 65

The Economic and Social Council may furnish information to the Security Council and shall assist the Security Council upon its request.

Article 66

The Economic and Social Council shall perform such functions as fall within its competence in connexion with the carrying out of the recommendations of the General Assembly.

It may, with the approval of the General Assembly, perform services at the request of Members of the United Nations and at the request of specialized agencies.

It shall perform such other functions as are specified elsewhere in the present Charter or as may be assigned to it by the General Assembly.

VOTING

Article 67

Each member of the Economic and Social Council shall have one vote.

Decisions of the Economic and Social Council shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.

PROCEDURE

Article 68

The Economic and Social Council shall set up commissions in economic and social fields and for the promotion of human rights, and such other commissions as may be required for the performance of its functions.

Article 69

The Economic and Social Council shall invite any Member of the United Nations to participate, without vote, in its deliberations on any matter of particular concern to that Member.

Article 70

The Economic and Social Council may make arrangements for representatives of the specialized agencies to participate, without vote, in its deliberations and in those of the commissions established by it, and for its representatives to participate in the deliberations of the specialized agencies.

Article 71

The Economic and Social Council may make suitable arrangements for consultation with non-governmental organizations which are concerned with matters within its competence.

Such arrangements may be made with international organizations and, where appropriate, with national organizations after consultation with the Member of the United Nations concerned.

Article 72

The Economic and Social Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its President.

The Economic and Social Council shall meet as required in accordance with its rules, which shall include provision for the convening of meetings on the request of a majority of its members.

CHAPTER XI

DECLARATION REGARDING NON-SELF-GOVERNING TERRITORIES

Article 73

Members of the United Nations which have or assume responsibilities for the administration of territories whose peoples have not yet attained a full measure of self-government recognize the principle that the interests of the inhabitants of these territories are paramount, and accept as a sacred trust the obligation to promote to the utmost, within the system of international peace and security established by the present Charter, the well-being of the inhabitants of these territories, and, to this end:

a.

to ensure, with due respect for the culture of the peoples concerned, their political, economic, social, and educational advancement, their just treatment, and their protection against abuses;

b.

to develop self-government, to take due account of the political aspirations of the peoples, and to assist them in the progressive development of their free political institutions, according to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and their varying stages of advancement;

c.

to further international peace and security;

d.

to promote constructive measures of development, to encourage research, and to co-operate with one another and, when and where appropriate, with specialized international bodies with a view to the practical achievement of the social, economic, and scientific purposes set forth in this Article; and

e.

to transmit regularly to the Secretary-General for information purposes, subject to such limitation as security and constitutional considerations may require, statistical and other information of a technical nature relating to economic, social, and educational conditions in the territories for which they are respectively responsible other than those territories to which Chapters XII and XIII apply.

Article 74

Members of the United Nations also agree that their policy in respect of the territories to which this Chapter applies, no less than in respect of their metropolitan areas, must be based on the general principle of good-neighbourliness, due account being taken of the interests and well-being of the rest of the world, in social, economic, and commercial matters.

CHAPTER XII

INTERNATIONAL TRUSTEESHIP SYSTEM

Article 75

The United Nations shall establish under its authority an international trusteeship system for the administration and supervision of such territories as may be placed thereunder by subsequent individual agreements.

These territories are hereinafter referred to as trust territories.

Article 76

The basic objectives of the trusteeship system, in accordance with the Purposes of the United Nations laid down in Article 1 of the present Charter, shall be:

a.

to further international peace and security;

b.

to promote the political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of the trust territories, and their progressive development towards self-government or independence as may be appropriate to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned, and as may be provided by the terms of each trusteeship agreement;

c.

to encourage respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion, and to encourage recognition of the interdependence of the peoples of the world; and

d.

to ensure equal treatment in social, economic, and commercial matters for all Members of the United Nations and their nationals, and also equal treatment for the latter in the administration of justice, without prejudice to the attainment of the foregoing objectives and subject to the provisions of Article 80.

Article 77

The trusteeship system shall apply to such territories in the following categories as may be placed thereunder by means of trusteeship agreements:

a.

territories now held under mandate;

b.

territories which may be detached from enemy states as a result of the Second World War; and

c.

territories voluntarily placed under the system by states responsible for their administration.

It will be a matter for subsequent agreement as to which territories in the foregoing categories will be brought under the trusteeship system and upon what terms.

Article 78

The trusteeship system shall not apply to territories which have become Members of the United Nations, relationship among which shall be based on respect for the principle of sovereign equality.

Article 79

The terms of trusteeship for each territory to be placed under the trusteeship system, including any alteration or amendment, shall be agreed upon by the states directly concerned, including the mandatory power in the case of territories held under mandate by a Member of the United Nations, and shall be approved as provided for in Articles 83 and 85.

Article 80

Except as may be agreed upon in individual trusteeship agreements, made under Articles 77, 79, and 81, placing each territory under the trusteeship system, and until such agreements have been concluded, nothing in this Chapter shall be construed in or of itself to alter in any manner the rights whatsoever of any states or any peoples or the terms of existing international instruments to which Members of the United Nations may respectively be parties.

Paragraph 1 of this Article shall not be interpreted as giving grounds for delay or postponement of the negotiation and conclusion of agreements for placing mandated and other territories under the trusteeship system as provided for in Article 77.

Article 81

The trusteeship agreement shall in each case include the terms under which the trust territory will be administered and designate the authority which will exercise the administration of the trust territory.

Such authority, hereinafter called the administering authority, may be one or more states or the Organization itself.

Article 82

There may be designated, in any trusteeship agreement, a strategic area or areas which may include part or all of the trust territory to which the agreement applies, without prejudice to any special agreement or agreements made under Article 43.

Article 83

All functions of the United Nations relating to strategic areas, including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship agreements and of their alteration or amendment shall be exercised by the Security Council.

The basic objectives set forth in Article 76 shall be applicable to the people of each strategic area.

The Security Council shall, subject to the provisions of the trusteeship agreements and without prejudice to security considerations, avail itself of the assistance of the Trusteeship Council to perform those functions of the United Nations under the trusteeship system relating to political, economic, social, and educational matters in the strategic areas.

Article 84

It shall be the duty of the administering authority to ensure that the trust territory shall play its part in the maintenance of international peace and security.

To this end the administering authority may make use of volunteer forces, facilities, and assistance from the trust territory in carrying out the obligations towards the Security Council undertaken in this regard by the administering authority, as well as for local defence and the maintenance of law and order within the trust territory.

Article 85

The functions of the United Nations with regard to trusteeship agreements for all areas not designated as strategic, including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship agreements and of their alteration or amendment, shall be exercised by the General Assembly.

The Trusteeship Council, operating under the authority of the General Assembly shall assist the General Assembly in carrying out these functions.

CHAPTER XIII

THE TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL 

COMPOSITION

Article 86

The Trusteeship Council shall consist of the following Members of the United Nations:

a.

those Members administering trust territories;

b.

such of those Members mentioned by name in Article 23 as are not administering trust territories; and

c.

as many other Members elected for three-year terms by the General Assembly as may be necessary to ensure that the total number of members of the Trusteeship Council is equally divided between those Members of the United Nations which administer trust territories and those which do not.

Each member of the Trusteeship Council shall designate one specially qualified person to represent it therein.

FUNCTIONS AND POWERS

Article 87

The General Assembly and, under its authority, the Trusteeship Council, in carrying out their functions, may:

a.

consider reports submitted by the administering authority;

b.

accept petitions and examine them in consultation with the administering authority;

c.

provide for periodic visits to the respective trust territories at times agreed upon with the administering authority; and

d.

take these and other actions in conformity with the terms of the trusteeship agreements.

Article 88

The Trusteeship Council shall formulate a questionnaire on the political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of each trust territory, and the administering authority for each trust territory within the competence of the General Assembly shall make an annual report to the General Assembly upon the basis of such questionnaire.

VOTING

Article 89

Each member of the Trusteeship Council shall have one vote.

Decisions of the Trusteeship Council shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.

PROCEDURE

Article 90

The Trusteeship Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its President.

The Trusteeship Council shall meet as required in accordance with its rules, which shall include provision for the convening of meetings on the request of a majority of its members.

Article 91

The Trusteeship Council shall, when appropriate, avail itself of the assistance of the Economic and Social Council and of the specialized agencies in regard to matters with which they are respectively concerned.

CHAPTER XIV

THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE 

Article 92

The International Court of Justice shall be the principal judicial organ of the United Nations.

It shall function in accordance with the annexed Statute, which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter.

Article 93

All Members of the United Nations are ipso facto parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice.

A state which is not a Member of the United Nations may become a party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice on conditions to be determined in each case by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

Article 94

Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to comply with the decision of the International Court of Justice in any case to which it is a party.

If any party to a case fails to perform the obligations incumbent upon it under a judgment rendered by the Court, the other party may have recourse to the Security Council, which may, if it deems necessary, make recommendations or decide upon measures to be taken to give effect to the judgment.

Article 95

Nothing in the present Charter shall prevent Members of the United Nations from entrusting the solution of their differences to other tribunals by virtue of agreements already in existence or which may be concluded in the future.

Article 96

The General Assembly or the Security Council may request the International Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on any legal question.

Other organs of the United Nations and specialized agencies, which may at any time be so authorized by the General Assembly, may also request advisory opinions of the Court on legal questions arising within the scope of their activities.

CHAPTER XV

THE SECRETARIAT 

Article 97

The Secretariat shall comprise a Secretary-General and such staff as the Organization may require.

The Secretary-General shall be appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

He shall be the chief administrative officer of the Organization.

Article 98

The Secretary-General shall act in that capacity in all meetings of the General Assembly, of the Security Council, of the Economic and Social Council, and of the Trusteeship Council, and shall perform such other functions as are entrusted to him by these organs.

The Secretary-General shall make an annual report to the General Assembly on the work of the Organization.

Article 99

The Secretary-General may bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security.

Article 100

In the performance of their duties the Secretary-General and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any government or from any other authority external to the Organization.

They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on their position as international officials responsible only to the Organization.

Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to respect the exclusively international character of the responsibilities of the Secretary-General and the staff and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their responsibilities.

Article 101

The staff shall be appointed by the Secretary-General under regulations established by the General Assembly.

Appropriate staffs shall be permanently assigned to the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, and, as required, to other organs of the United Nations.

These staffs shall form a part of the Secretariat.

The paramount consideration in the employment of the staff and in the determination of the conditions of service shall be the necessity of securing the highest standards of efficiency, competence, and integrity.

Due regard shall be paid to the importance of recruiting the staff on as wide a geographical basis as possible.

CHAPTER XVI

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Article 102

Every treaty and every international agreement entered into by any Member of the United Nations after the present Charter comes into force shall as soon as possible be registered with the Secretariat and published by it.

No party to any such treaty or international agreement which has not been registered in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article may invoke that treaty or agreement before any organ of the United Nations.

Article 103

In the event of a conflict between the obligations of the Members of the United Nations under the present Charter and their obligations under any other international agreement, their obligations under the present Charter shall prevail.

Article 104

The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfilment of its purposes.

Article 105

The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfilment of its purposes.

Representatives of the Members of the United Nations and officials of the Organization shall similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connexion with the Organization.

The General Assembly may make recommendations with a view to determining the details of the application of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article or may propose conventions to the Members of the United Nations for this purpose.

CHAPTER XVII

TRANSITIONAL SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS

Article 106

Pending the coming into force of such special agreements referred to in Article 43 as in the opinion of the Security Council enable it to begin the exercise of its responsibilities under Article 42, the parties to the Four-Nation Declaration, signed at Moscow, 30 October 1943, and France, shall, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 5 of that Declaration, consult with one another and as occasion requires with other Members of the United Nations with a view to such joint action on behalf of the Organization as may be necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.

Article 107

Nothing in the present Charter shall invalidate or preclude action, in relation to any state which during the Second World War has been an enemy of any signatory to the present Charter, taken or authorized as a result of that war by the Governments having responsibility for such action.

CHAPTER XVIII

AMENDMENTS

Article 108

Amendments to the present Charter shall come into force for all Members of the United Nations when they have been adopted by a vote of two thirds of the members of the General Assembly and ratified in accordance with their respective constitutional processes by two thirds of the Members of the United Nations, including all the permanent members of the Security Council.

Article 109

A General Conference of the Members of the United Nations for the purpose of reviewing the present Charter may be held at a date and place to be fixed by a two-thirds vote of the members of the General Assembly and by a vote of any nine members of the Security Council.

Each Member of the United Nations shall have one vote in the conference.

Any alteration of the present Charter recommended by a two-thirds vote of the conference shall take effect when ratified in accordance with their respective constitutional processes by two thirds of the Members of the United Nations including all the permanent members of the Security Council.

If such a conference has not been held before the tenth annual session of the General Assembly following the coming into force of the present Charter, the proposal to call such a conference shall be placed on the agenda of that session of the General Assembly, and the conference shall be held if so decided by a majority vote of the members of the General Assembly and by a vote of any seven members of the Security Council.

CHAPTER XIX

RATIFICATION AND SIGNATURE

Article 110

The present Charter shall be ratified by the signatory states in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.

The ratifications shall be deposited with the Government of the United States of America, which shall notify all the signatory states of each deposit as well as the Secretary-General of the Organization when he has been appointed.

The present Charter shall come into force upon the deposit of ratifications by the Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America, and by a majority of the other signatory states.

A protocol of the ratifications deposited shall thereupon be drawn up by the Government of the United States of America which shall communicate copies thereof to all the signatory states.

The states signatory to the present Charter which ratify it after it has come into force will become original Members of the United Nations on the date of the deposit of their respective ratifications.

Article 111

The present Charter, of which the Chinese, French, Russian, English, and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall remain deposited in the archives of the Government of the United States of America.

Duly certified copies thereof shall be transmitted by that Government to the Governments of the other signatory states.

IN FAITH WHEREOF the representatives of the Governments of the United Nations have signed the present Charter.

DONE at the city of San Francisco the twenty-sixth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five.

 



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