WIKIBOOKS
DISPONIBILI
?????????

ART
- Great Painters
BUSINESS&LAW
- Accounting
- Fundamentals of Law
- Marketing
- Shorthand
CARS
- Concept Cars
GAMES&SPORT
- Videogames
- The World of Sports

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
- Blogs
- Free Software
- Google
- My Computer

- PHP Language and Applications
- Wikipedia
- Windows Vista

EDUCATION
- Education
LITERATURE
- Masterpieces of English Literature
LINGUISTICS
- American English

- English Dictionaries
- The English Language

MEDICINE
- Medical Emergencies
- The Theory of Memory
MUSIC&DANCE
- The Beatles
- Dances
- Microphones
- Musical Notation
- Music Instruments
SCIENCE
- Batteries
- Nanotechnology
LIFESTYLE
- Cosmetics
- Diets
- Vegetarianism and Veganism
TRADITIONS
- Christmas Traditions
NATURE
- Animals

- Fruits And Vegetables



ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. Adobe Reader
  2. Adware
  3. Altavista
  4. AOL
  5. Apple Macintosh
  6. Application software
  7. Arrow key
  8. Artificial Intelligence
  9. ASCII
  10. Assembly language
  11. Automatic translation
  12. Avatar
  13. Babylon
  14. Bandwidth
  15. Bit
  16. BitTorrent
  17. Black hat
  18. Blog
  19. Bluetooth
  20. Bulletin board system
  21. Byte
  22. Cache memory
  23. Celeron
  24. Central processing unit
  25. Chat room
  26. Client
  27. Command line interface
  28. Compiler
  29. Computer
  30. Computer bus
  31. Computer card
  32. Computer display
  33. Computer file
  34. Computer games
  35. Computer graphics
  36. Computer hardware
  37. Computer keyboard
  38. Computer networking
  39. Computer printer
  40. Computer program
  41. Computer programmer
  42. Computer science
  43. Computer security
  44. Computer software
  45. Computer storage
  46. Computer system
  47. Computer terminal
  48. Computer virus
  49. Computing
  50. Conference call
  51. Context menu
  52. Creative commons
  53. Creative Commons License
  54. Creative Technology
  55. Cursor
  56. Data
  57. Database
  58. Data storage device
  59. Debuggers
  60. Demo
  61. Desktop computer
  62. Digital divide
  63. Discussion groups
  64. DNS server
  65. Domain name
  66. DOS
  67. Download
  68. Download manager
  69. DVD-ROM
  70. DVD-RW
  71. E-mail
  72. E-mail spam
  73. File Transfer Protocol
  74. Firewall
  75. Firmware
  76. Flash memory
  77. Floppy disk drive
  78. GNU
  79. GNU General Public License
  80. GNU Project
  81. Google
  82. Google AdWords
  83. Google bomb
  84. Graphics
  85. Graphics card
  86. Hacker
  87. Hacker culture
  88. Hard disk
  89. High-level programming language
  90. Home computer
  91. HTML
  92. Hyperlink
  93. IBM
  94. Image processing
  95. Image scanner
  96. Instant messaging
  97. Instruction
  98. Intel
  99. Intel Core 2
  100. Interface
  101. Internet
  102. Internet bot
  103. Internet Explorer
  104. Internet protocols
  105. Internet service provider
  106. Interoperability
  107. IP addresses
  108. IPod
  109. Joystick
  110. JPEG
  111. Keyword
  112. Laptop computer
  113. Linux
  114. Linux kernel
  115. Liquid crystal display
  116. List of file formats
  117. List of Google products
  118. Local area network
  119. Logitech
  120. Machine language
  121. Mac OS X
  122. Macromedia Flash
  123. Mainframe computer
  124. Malware
  125. Media center
  126. Media player
  127. Megabyte
  128. Microsoft
  129. Microsoft Windows
  130. Microsoft Word
  131. Mirror site
  132. Modem
  133. Motherboard
  134. Mouse
  135. Mouse pad
  136. Mozilla Firefox
  137. Mp3
  138. MPEG
  139. MPEG-4
  140. Multimedia
  141. Musical Instrument Digital Interface
  142. Netscape
  143. Network card
  144. News ticker
  145. Office suite
  146. Online auction
  147. Online chat
  148. Open Directory Project
  149. Open source
  150. Open source software
  151. Opera
  152. Operating system
  153. Optical character recognition
  154. Optical disc
  155. output
  156. PageRank
  157. Password
  158. Pay-per-click
  159. PC speaker
  160. Peer-to-peer
  161. Pentium
  162. Peripheral
  163. Personal computer
  164. Personal digital assistant
  165. Phishing
  166. Pirated software
  167. Podcasting
  168. Pointing device
  169. POP3
  170. Programming language
  171. QuickTime
  172. Random access memory
  173. Routers
  174. Safari
  175. Scalability
  176. Scrollbar
  177. Scrolling
  178. Scroll wheel
  179. Search engine
  180. Security cracking
  181. Server
  182. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  183. Skype
  184. Social software
  185. Software bug
  186. Software cracker
  187. Software library
  188. Software utility
  189. Solaris Operating Environment
  190. Sound Blaster
  191. Soundcard
  192. Spam
  193. Spamdexing
  194. Spam in blogs
  195. Speech recognition
  196. Spoofing attack
  197. Spreadsheet
  198. Spyware
  199. Streaming media
  200. Supercomputer
  201. Tablet computer
  202. Telecommunications
  203. Text messaging
  204. Trackball
  205. Trojan horse
  206. TV card
  207. Unicode
  208. Uniform Resource Identifier
  209. Unix
  210. URL redirection
  211. USB flash drive
  212. USB port
  213. User interface
  214. Vlog
  215. Voice over IP
  216. Warez
  217. Wearable computer
  218. Web application
  219. Web banner
  220. Web browser
  221. Web crawler
  222. Web directories
  223. Web indexing
  224. Webmail
  225. Web page
  226. Website
  227. Wiki
  228. Wikipedia
  229. WIMP
  230. Windows CE
  231. Windows key
  232. Windows Media Player
  233. Windows Vista
  234. Word processor
  235. World Wide Web
  236. Worm
  237. XML
  238. X Window System
  239. Yahoo
  240. Zombie computer
 



MY COMPUTER
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adobe_Reader

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 

Adobe Acrobat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Adobe Reader)

Adobe Acrobat was the first software to support Adobe Systems' Portable Document Format (PDF). It is a family of software, some commercial and some free of charge. The Adobe Acrobat Reader program (now just called Adobe Reader) is available as a no-charge download from Adobe's web site, and allows the viewing and printing of PDF files. It is a major component of the Adobe Engagement Platform, and is widely used as a way to present information with a fixed layout similar to a paper publication.

Several other PDF-editing programs allow some minimal editing and adding of features to documents, and come with other modules including a printer driver to create PDF files.

History

Since the early 1990s, the Acrobat product had several competitors who each used their own document formats, such as:

  • AnyView from Binar Graphics
  • Common Ground from No Hands Software
  • Envoy from WordPerfect Corporation
  • Folio from NextPage
  • Microsoft Reader from Microsoft
  • Replica from Farallon Computing
  • WorldView from Interleaf

By the late 1990s PDF had become the de facto standard, and the others had become largely historical footnotes. This in turn has led to many more competitors for Adobe Acrobat, both free and commercial.

Today, there are a host of third-party programs that create or manipulate PDF, such as Ghostscript and Nitro PDF. Adobe also allows Acrobat plug-ins to be developed by third parties, which can add extra functions within the Acrobat program.

Product names

Adobe has changed the names of the products in the Acrobat family regularly, also splitting products up, joining them together, or discontinuing members. This causes much confusion, not only about what product to obtain, but even about what product people have.

As of 2006, the current main members of the Adobe Acrobat family are

  • Adobe Reader 8 (previously Adobe Acrobat Reader); no-charge software to read or print PDF files.
  • Adobe Acrobat Standard 8 and Adobe Acrobat Professional 8; commercial (paid for) software to create PDFs and to manipulate them in various ways. Between version 3 and 5 these were one product simply called Adobe Acrobat.
  • A growing collection of server and specialist products
Adobe Acrobat Reader running on Debian
Adobe Acrobat Reader running on Debian

Adobe has never created a product called either Adobe Writer or Acrobat Writer, although these names seem a natural opposite to the Reader product. Purists and pedants dislike these made-up names. To add more confusion, Acrobat used to include a printer driver called PDFWriter.

Acrobat product history

Version 1 (Released 15 June 1993)

  • Acrobat Reader 1.0 for Macintosh, later for DOS and Windows 3.1. This was not available in single copies and was not initially free. After a while the IRS purchased a right to distribute Reader 1.0, effectively making it seem free to those who obtained it that way.
  • PDF version 1.0 supported.
  • Acrobat Exchange 1.0 (included PDFWriter printer driver and Acrobat Exchange application).
  • Acrobat Distiller 1.0. Created PDF from PostScript (no printer driver at this stage).

Version 2 (Released September 1994)

  • Acrobat Reader 2.0 for Windows and Macintosh. Now free.
  • PDF version 1.1 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat Exchange 2.0, package as 1.0.
  • Acrobat Professional 2.0, which included the contents of Acrobat Exchange, plus Distiller.
  • There were 2.1 updates.
  • Acrobat Catalog was introduced, using Verity, Inc. technology to create searchable indexes to PDF files. Searching required a special version of Acrobat Reader, not free, or Acrobat Exchange.

Version 3 (Released 1996)

  • Acrobat Reader 3.0. The first to display PDF files in-browser, and the first to support form filling.
  • PDF version 1.2 (and prior) supported.
  • A free Reader to allow searching was made available, but was not part of the default download.
  • Acrobat 3.0 replaced Acrobat Professional 2.1. Included Acrobat Catalog, and a Distiller printer driver.
  • Updates to 3.01 and 3.02; 3.02 introduced extended forms capabilities and JavaScript.
  • First release with support for Windows 95 and later. Last release with support for Windows 3.1.

Version 4 (Released April 1999)

  • Acrobat Reader 4.0.
  • PDF version 1.3 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat 4.0.
  • Updates to 4.05.
  • Introduced Distiller Server 4.0, identical to the regular Distiller but with a multi-user license (Windows, Linux, Solaris).
  • Acrobat Business Tools 4.0 a limited version of Acrobat.

Version 5 (Released May 2001)

  • Acrobat Reader 5.0.
  • PDF version 1.4 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat 5.0. PDFWriter removed from Macintosh application[1]
  • Updates to 5.0.5. Acrobat 5.0.5 was the first to be able to run native in Mac OS X, but also ran in Mac OS 9.
  • Distiller Server 5.0.
  • Acrobat Approval 5.0 a limited version of Acrobat, mainly sold to people who wanted to digitally sign or save fill in forms.
  • Acrobat Reader 5.1 supported the Adobe LiveCycle Reader Extensions (e.g. forms saving) (which was then under a different name).

Version 6 (Released April 2003)

  • Adobe Reader 6.0 (no Linux or Unix versions)
  • PDF version 1.5 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat Professional 6.0 replacement for Acrobat 5.0, with new features. Distiller printer driver renamed Adobe PDF. PDFWriter now gone for good. New version of Catalog integrated and not compatible with earlier products for searching.
  • Acrobat Standard 6.0 limited version of Acrobat Professional, including Distiller but lacking features including Catalog, form design, prepress support.
  • Updates to 6.0.1, 6.0.2, 6.0.3, 6.0.4 and 6.0.5
  • Dropped support for Windows 95 and Windows 98 First Edition. Acrobat Professional was Windows NT, 2000, XP only. Dropped support for Mac OS 9 and earlier. First release for Mac OS X.
  • Distiller Server 6.0.
  • Acrobat Elements 6.0 PDF creation only, aimed at the corporate market (minimum 1000 licenses, Windows only)
  • Acrobat Elements Server 6.0 client/server version of Acrobat Elements
  • Technology for "Reader enabling", allowing Reader to save, sign or annotate PDF files if the licensee had enabled the files.

Version 7 (Released January 2005)

Acrobat Distiller 7
Version 7 PDF file
  • Adobe Announces Acrobat 7.0 Software Availability
  • Adobe Reader 7.0
  • Updates to 7.0.1, 7.0.2, 7.0.3, 7.0.5, 7.0.7, and 7.0.8.
  • PDF version 1.6 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat Professional 7.0 now includes Adobe LiveCycle Designer 7.0 (Windows only) for XML form design (different and incompatible with previous form support) Ability to embed 3D object information from the .u3d Universal 3D format. First version to include controversial mandatory product activation.
  • Acrobat Standard 7.0
  • Acrobat Elements 7.0 (now minimum 100 licenses)
  • Acrobat 3D (Windows only) includes all of the functionality of Acrobat Professional 7.0 as well as updated support for embedded 3D, tools for capturing 3D content from OpenGL applications, and the Adobe Acrobat 3D Toolkit for converting CAD documents to PDF objects. Also included is a version of the capture tool for installation on Unix.
  • Windows 2000, XP, Mac OS X only for Acrobat. Although Linux, Solaris (SPARC only), HP-UX and AIX versions of Adobe Reader have been released.
  • Other LiveCycle products include LiveCycle Barcoded Forms, LiveCycle Document Security, LiveCycle Reader Extensions (previously Document Server for Reader Extensions and other names), LiveCycle Forms (previously Form Server), LiveCycle Form Manager, LiveCycle Policy Server and LiveCycle Workflow. Some of these are server solutions intended for large businesses. Only LiveCycle Designer is bundled with Acrobat Professional.

Version 8 (Released November 2006)

  • Adobe Announces Acrobat 8.0 Software
  • Adobe Reader 8.0
  • Acrobat 8 Elements (available mid-2007)
  • Acrobat 8 Standard (Windows only; Macintosh version not produced)
  • Acrobat 8 Professional
  • Acrobat 3D Version 8 (available early 2007)
  • Acrobat Connect (new in Acrobat family, formerly Macromedia Breeze) online personal meeting rooms to collaborate in real time for up to 15 participants.
  • Acrobat Connect Professional (new in Acrobat family, formerly Macromedia Breeze) Scalable, interactive web conferencing and multiple personal meeting rooms for everyone across an enterprise.
  • Mac OS X versions will be Universal binary and only run on Mac OS X 10.4.

Criticisms

From Version 3.02 onwards, Acrobat Reader (now Adobe Reader) has included support for Javascript. This functionality allows the document creator to include code which executes when the document is read. While JavaScript is designed without direct access to the file system to make it "safe"[citation needed], vulnerabilities have been reported for abuses such as distributing malicious code through Acrobat. [2] On September 13, 2006, David Kierznowski provided sample PDF files illustrating these vulnerabilities. In the most current version of the Acrobat Reader, Javascript can be disabled using the preferences menu and embedded URLs that are launched are intercepted by a security warning dialog box to either allow or block the website from launching. [3]

See also

  • List of PDF software.

References

  1. ^ Adobe Systems Inc., Help file for Acrobat 5.0 wrote "Note: PDFWriter is a custom install option and is supported for Windows only".
  2. ^ "http://lwn.net/Articles/129729/" Unexpected features in Acrobat 7
  3. ^ "http://www.eweek.com/article2/0,1895,2016606,00.asp" Hacker Discovers Adobe PDF Back Doors

External links

  • How to Use Adobe Reader 7 With JavaScript Disabled
  • Adobe Acrobat Standard
  • Adobe Acrobat Professional
  • Comparison of features across Acrobat 7 line (in PDF format)
  • Adobe Reader Download Page
  • Old Versions of Acrobat Reader
  • How to repair Adobe Reader 6
  • Acrobat user tips and learning centers
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adobe_Acrobat"