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LA GRAMMATICA DI ENGLISH GRATIS IN VERSIONE MOBILE • TEL. 375-5186291 •   INFORMATIVA PRIVACY

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WIKIBOOKS
DISPONIBILI
?????????

ART
- Great Painters
BUSINESS&LAW
- Accounting
- Fundamentals of Law
- Marketing
- Shorthand
CARS
- Concept Cars
GAMES&SPORT
- Videogames
- The World of Sports

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
- Blogs
- Free Software
- Google
- My Computer

- PHP Language and Applications
- Wikipedia
- Windows Vista

EDUCATION
- Education
LITERATURE
- Masterpieces of English Literature
LINGUISTICS
- American English

- English Dictionaries
- The English Language

MEDICINE
- Medical Emergencies
- The Theory of Memory
MUSIC&DANCE
- The Beatles
- Dances
- Microphones
- Musical Notation
- Music Instruments
SCIENCE
- Batteries
- Nanotechnology
LIFESTYLE
- Cosmetics
- Diets
- Vegetarianism and Veganism
TRADITIONS
- Christmas Traditions
NATURE
- Animals

- Fruits And Vegetables



ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. AdSense
  2. AdWords
  3. Allinanchor command
  4. AutoLink
  5. BigTable
  6. Blogger
  7. CustomizeGoogle
  8. Deep link
  9. Egosurfing
  10. ElgooG
  11. Eric E. Schmidt
  12. Features of Gmail
  13. French military victories
  14. Froogle
  15. Gmail
  16. GMail Drive
  17. GmailFS
  18. Gmail Mobile
  19. Goobuntu
  20. Google
  21. Google.org
  22. Google Alerts
  23. Google Analytics
  24. Google and privacy issues
  25. Google Answers
  26. Googlebait
  27. Google Base
  28. Google bomb
  29. Google Book Search
  30. Googlebot
  31. Google Browser Sync
  32. Google Calendar
  33. Google Checkout
  34. Google China
  35. Google Code
  36. Google Code Search
  37. Google consultant
  38. Google Current
  39. Google Desktop
  40. Google Docs Spreadsheets
  41. Google Earth
  42. Google economy
  43. Googlefight
  44. Google File System
  45. Google Finance
  46. Google Foundation
  47. Google Founders' Award
  48. Google generation
  49. Google Groups
  50. Google Hacking
  51. Google Hacks
  52. Google Image Labeler
  53. Google Image Search
  54. 302 Google Jacking
  55. Google juice
  56. Google Labs
  57. Google Language Tools
  58. Google logo
  59. Google Maps
  60. Google News
  61. Google Notebook
  62. Google Pack
  63. Google Page Creator
  64. Google PC
  65. Googlepedia
  66. Google platform
  67. Googleplex
  68. Google Reader
  69. Google Scholar
  70. Google search
  71. Google Search Appliance
  72. Googleshare
  73. Google's hoaxes
  74. Google Summer of Code
  75. Google Talk
  76. Googletestad
  77. Google Toolbar
  78. Google Trends
  79. Google Video
  80. Google Video Marketplace
  81. Google Watch
  82. Google Web Accelerator
  83. Google Webmaster Tools
  84. Googlewhack
  85. Google WiFi
  86. Google X
  87. Googlism
  88. GTalkr
  89. Hello
  90. Hilltop algorithm
  91. History of Gmail
  92. History of Google
  93. I'm Feeling Lucky
  94. Joga Bonito
  95. Keyhole Markup Language
  96. Lawrence E. Page
  97. Link farm
  98. List of acquisitions by Google
  99. List of Google products
  100. MapReduce
  101. Measure Map
  102. Mediabot
  103. Mobile GMaps
  104. Orkut
  105. PageRank
  106. PhpGmailDrive
  107. Picasa
  108. Political Google bombs
  109. PR0
  110. Project 02
  111. Pyra Labs
  112. RoamDrive
  113. Schnitzelmitkartoffelsalat
  114. Scraper site
  115. Scroogle
  116. Search engine optimization
  117. SEO contest
  118. Sergey Brin
  119. Urchin Software Corporation
  120. Web traffic
  121. YouTube

 

 
CONDIZIONI DI USO DI QUESTO SITO
L'utente può utilizzare il nostro sito solo se comprende e accetta quanto segue:

  • Le risorse linguistiche gratuite presentate in questo sito si possono utilizzare esclusivamente per uso personale e non commerciale con tassativa esclusione di ogni condivisione comunque effettuata. Tutti i diritti sono riservati. La riproduzione anche parziale è vietata senza autorizzazione scritta.
  • Il nome del sito EnglishGratis è esclusivamente un marchio e un nome di dominio internet che fa riferimento alla disponibilità sul sito di un numero molto elevato di risorse gratuite e non implica dunque alcuna promessa di gratuità relativamente a prodotti e servizi nostri o di terze parti pubblicizzati a mezzo banner e link, o contrassegnati chiaramente come prodotti a pagamento (anche ma non solo con la menzione "Annuncio pubblicitario"), o comunque menzionati nelle pagine del sito ma non disponibili sulle pagine pubbliche, non protette da password, del sito stesso.
  • La pubblicità di terze parti è in questo momento affidata al servizio Google AdSense che sceglie secondo automatismi di carattere algoritmico gli annunci di terze parti che compariranno sul nostro sito e sui quali non abbiamo alcun modo di influire. Non siamo quindi responsabili del contenuto di questi annunci e delle eventuali affermazioni o promesse che in essi vengono fatte!
  • L'utente, inoltre, accetta di tenerci indenni da qualsiasi tipo di responsabilità per l'uso - ed eventuali conseguenze di esso - degli esercizi e delle informazioni linguistiche e grammaticali contenute sul siti. Le risposte grammaticali sono infatti improntate ad un criterio di praticità e pragmaticità più che ad una completezza ed esaustività che finirebbe per frastornare, per l'eccesso di informazione fornita, il nostro utente. La segnalazione di eventuali errori è gradita e darà luogo ad una immediata rettifica.

     

    ENGLISHGRATIS.COM è un sito personale di
    Roberto Casiraghi e Crystal Jones
    Tel. e SMS: 375-5186291 - Email:

    Roberto Casiraghi           
    INFORMATIVA SULLA PRIVACY              Crystal Jones


    Siti amici:  Lonweb Daisy Stories English4Life Scuolitalia
    Sito segnalato da INGLESE.IT

 
 



THE WORLD OF GOOGLE
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Scholar

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 

Google Scholar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 
Google Scholar Logo

Google Scholar (GS) is a freely-accessible web search engine that indexes the full-text of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. Released in beta in November 2004, the GS index includes most peer-reviewed online journals, except for those published by Elsevier, the world's largest scientific publisher. It is similar in function to the freely available Scirus from Elsevier, and to CiteSeer, a freely available resource. It is also similar to the subscription-based tools, Elsevier's Scopus and Thomson ISI's Web of Science. GS nonetheless claims to cover more websites, journal sources and languages. Its advertising slogan - "Stand on the shoulders of giants" - is a nod to scientists who have contributed to the scholarly literature over the centuries.

In terms of features, GS allows users to search for digital or physical copies of articles, whether they be online or in libraries (see [1].)

Using its "group of" feature, it shows the various available links to the journal article. In the 2005 version, this feature provided a link both to subscription-access versions of the article and to free full text versions of articles; for most of 2006, it provided links to only the official versions. At present, in December [2006], it provides access to both published versions and on major open access repositories, but does still not cover individual university pages; access to such self-archived non-subscription versions is now provided by a link to Google, where one can find such open access articles.)

Through its "Cited by" feature, GS provides access to citations of articles that have cited the article being viewed (see [2]). It is this feature in particular that provides the citation indexing previously only found in Scopus and Web of Science. Through its "Related articles" feature, GS presents a list of closely related articles, ranked primarily by how similar these articles are to the original result, but also taking into account the relevance of each paper. [3]

Like other bibliographic databases, it now has importing citation feature was released using bibliography managers. [4]

Similar features are also part of other search engines, such as CiteSeer and Scirus, and will presumably be part of the final version of Microsoft's Windows Live Academic Search.

Some searchers consider GS of comparable quality and utility to commercial databases (e.g. [5]), even though its user-interface (UI) is still in beta. The reviews recognize that its "cited in" feature in particular poses serious competition to Scopus and Web of Knowledge. Many search experts suggest that its functionality is severely hampered by poor database design. For example, when searching articles based on publication dates, GS results, like Google results, are unreliable, even inaccurate. The number of articles found in some searches, for example, increases when limiting to a range of years (i.e. 2000-2006) instead of decreases. Some librarian critics have said that GS's counterintuitive and illogical presentation of results hinders its usefulness in academia.

A significant problem with GS is the secrecy about its coverage. Some publishers do not allow it to crawl their journals (as of December 2006 the absentees notably include Elsevier); it refuses to publish a list of scientific journals crawled; its frequency of updates is unknown. It is therefore impossible to know how current and/or exhaustive searches are in GS. Nonetheless, it allows easy access to published articles without the difficulties that are encountered in some of the most expensive commercial databases.

External links

  • Google Scholar website
  • Article on citation analysis of an individual based on multiple citation indexes (March, 2006)
  • Google Scholar Versus Metasearch Systems (March, 2006).
  • Nature's news piece on 24 November 2004
  • Nature's news piece on 1 December 2005
  • Critical review by Peter Jacso, librarian, at his digital reference shelf. (Nov., 2004)
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Scholar"