WIKIBOOKS
DISPONIBILI
?????????

ART
- Great Painters
BUSINESS&LAW
- Accounting
- Fundamentals of Law
- Marketing
- Shorthand
CARS
- Concept Cars
GAMES&SPORT
- Videogames
- The World of Sports

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
- Blogs
- Free Software
- Google
- My Computer

- PHP Language and Applications
- Wikipedia
- Windows Vista

EDUCATION
- Education
LITERATURE
- Masterpieces of English Literature
LINGUISTICS
- American English

- English Dictionaries
- The English Language

MEDICINE
- Medical Emergencies
- The Theory of Memory
MUSIC&DANCE
- The Beatles
- Dances
- Microphones
- Musical Notation
- Music Instruments
SCIENCE
- Batteries
- Nanotechnology
LIFESTYLE
- Cosmetics
- Diets
- Vegetarianism and Veganism
TRADITIONS
- Christmas Traditions
NATURE
- Animals

- Fruits And Vegetables



ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. Adobe Reader
  2. Adware
  3. Altavista
  4. AOL
  5. Apple Macintosh
  6. Application software
  7. Arrow key
  8. Artificial Intelligence
  9. ASCII
  10. Assembly language
  11. Automatic translation
  12. Avatar
  13. Babylon
  14. Bandwidth
  15. Bit
  16. BitTorrent
  17. Black hat
  18. Blog
  19. Bluetooth
  20. Bulletin board system
  21. Byte
  22. Cache memory
  23. Celeron
  24. Central processing unit
  25. Chat room
  26. Client
  27. Command line interface
  28. Compiler
  29. Computer
  30. Computer bus
  31. Computer card
  32. Computer display
  33. Computer file
  34. Computer games
  35. Computer graphics
  36. Computer hardware
  37. Computer keyboard
  38. Computer networking
  39. Computer printer
  40. Computer program
  41. Computer programmer
  42. Computer science
  43. Computer security
  44. Computer software
  45. Computer storage
  46. Computer system
  47. Computer terminal
  48. Computer virus
  49. Computing
  50. Conference call
  51. Context menu
  52. Creative commons
  53. Creative Commons License
  54. Creative Technology
  55. Cursor
  56. Data
  57. Database
  58. Data storage device
  59. Debuggers
  60. Demo
  61. Desktop computer
  62. Digital divide
  63. Discussion groups
  64. DNS server
  65. Domain name
  66. DOS
  67. Download
  68. Download manager
  69. DVD-ROM
  70. DVD-RW
  71. E-mail
  72. E-mail spam
  73. File Transfer Protocol
  74. Firewall
  75. Firmware
  76. Flash memory
  77. Floppy disk drive
  78. GNU
  79. GNU General Public License
  80. GNU Project
  81. Google
  82. Google AdWords
  83. Google bomb
  84. Graphics
  85. Graphics card
  86. Hacker
  87. Hacker culture
  88. Hard disk
  89. High-level programming language
  90. Home computer
  91. HTML
  92. Hyperlink
  93. IBM
  94. Image processing
  95. Image scanner
  96. Instant messaging
  97. Instruction
  98. Intel
  99. Intel Core 2
  100. Interface
  101. Internet
  102. Internet bot
  103. Internet Explorer
  104. Internet protocols
  105. Internet service provider
  106. Interoperability
  107. IP addresses
  108. IPod
  109. Joystick
  110. JPEG
  111. Keyword
  112. Laptop computer
  113. Linux
  114. Linux kernel
  115. Liquid crystal display
  116. List of file formats
  117. List of Google products
  118. Local area network
  119. Logitech
  120. Machine language
  121. Mac OS X
  122. Macromedia Flash
  123. Mainframe computer
  124. Malware
  125. Media center
  126. Media player
  127. Megabyte
  128. Microsoft
  129. Microsoft Windows
  130. Microsoft Word
  131. Mirror site
  132. Modem
  133. Motherboard
  134. Mouse
  135. Mouse pad
  136. Mozilla Firefox
  137. Mp3
  138. MPEG
  139. MPEG-4
  140. Multimedia
  141. Musical Instrument Digital Interface
  142. Netscape
  143. Network card
  144. News ticker
  145. Office suite
  146. Online auction
  147. Online chat
  148. Open Directory Project
  149. Open source
  150. Open source software
  151. Opera
  152. Operating system
  153. Optical character recognition
  154. Optical disc
  155. output
  156. PageRank
  157. Password
  158. Pay-per-click
  159. PC speaker
  160. Peer-to-peer
  161. Pentium
  162. Peripheral
  163. Personal computer
  164. Personal digital assistant
  165. Phishing
  166. Pirated software
  167. Podcasting
  168. Pointing device
  169. POP3
  170. Programming language
  171. QuickTime
  172. Random access memory
  173. Routers
  174. Safari
  175. Scalability
  176. Scrollbar
  177. Scrolling
  178. Scroll wheel
  179. Search engine
  180. Security cracking
  181. Server
  182. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  183. Skype
  184. Social software
  185. Software bug
  186. Software cracker
  187. Software library
  188. Software utility
  189. Solaris Operating Environment
  190. Sound Blaster
  191. Soundcard
  192. Spam
  193. Spamdexing
  194. Spam in blogs
  195. Speech recognition
  196. Spoofing attack
  197. Spreadsheet
  198. Spyware
  199. Streaming media
  200. Supercomputer
  201. Tablet computer
  202. Telecommunications
  203. Text messaging
  204. Trackball
  205. Trojan horse
  206. TV card
  207. Unicode
  208. Uniform Resource Identifier
  209. Unix
  210. URL redirection
  211. USB flash drive
  212. USB port
  213. User interface
  214. Vlog
  215. Voice over IP
  216. Warez
  217. Wearable computer
  218. Web application
  219. Web banner
  220. Web browser
  221. Web crawler
  222. Web directories
  223. Web indexing
  224. Webmail
  225. Web page
  226. Website
  227. Wiki
  228. Wikipedia
  229. WIMP
  230. Windows CE
  231. Windows key
  232. Windows Media Player
  233. Windows Vista
  234. Word processor
  235. World Wide Web
  236. Worm
  237. XML
  238. X Window System
  239. Yahoo
  240. Zombie computer
 



MY COMPUTER
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netscape_%28web_browser%29

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 

Netscape (web browser)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Netscape is the general name for a series of web browsers originally produced by Netscape Communications Corporation, but now developed by AOL. The original browser was once the dominant browser in terms of usage share, but as a result of the first browser war they lost many of their customers to Internet Explorer. As of September 2006, the usage share of Netscape browsers is under 1% and falling.

Netscape Classic releases

Netscape Navigator (versions 1.04.08)

Netscape Navigator 4.08 under Windows
Netscape Navigator 4.08 under Windows
Main article: Netscape Navigator

Netscape Navigator was the name of Netscape's web browser from versions 1.04.8. The first beta release versions of the browser were released in 1994 and known as Mosaic and then Mosaic Netscape until a legal challenge from the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (makers of NCSA Mosaic), which many of Netscape's founders used to develop, led to the name change to Netscape Navigator. The company's name also changed from Mosaic Communications Corporation to Netscape Communications Corporation.

The browser was easily the most advanced available and was therefore an instant success, becoming market leader while still in beta. Netscape's feature-count and market share continued to grow rapidly after version 1.0 was released. Version 2.0 added a full mail reader called Netscape Mail, thus transforming Netscape from a mere web browser to an Internet suite. During this period, both the browser and the suite were known as Netscape Navigator. Around the same time, AOL started bundling their software with Microsoft's Internet Explorer.

Version 3.0 of Netscape (the first beta was codenamed "Atlas") was the first to face any serious competition in the form of Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.0. Netscape, however, easily held off Microsoft's challenge and remained the number one browser for the time being. Version 3.0 was also available in a "Gold" version which featured a WYSIWYG HTML editor (later added to Netscape Communicator as a standard feature). Netscape 3.0 introduced many new features such as new plugins, background colors for tables, the archive attribute and the applet element. Netscape Navigator 3 was a huge success, and the undisputed Web Browser giant in its time. The latest version is 3.04.

Netscape Communicator (versions 4.04.8)

Netscape Communicator 4.8 under Windows
Netscape Communicator 4.8 under Windows
Main article: Netscape Communicator

Netscape 4 addressed the problem of Netscape Navigator being used as both the name of the suite and the browser contained within it by renaming the suite to Netscape Communicator.

After releasing 5 preview releases from 1996 - 1997, Netscape Corp. released the final version of Netscape Communicator in June 1997. This new version, more or less based on Netscape Navigator 3 Code, updated and added new features (such as support of certain CSS1 elements, minimal dynamic font support and the proprietary object element). The new suite was successful, despite increasing competition from Internet Explorer 4.0 (which had, at that time, a far better HTML engine) and problems with the outdated browser core. The Communicator suite was made up of Netscape Navigator, Netscape Mail and Newsgroups, Netscape Address Book and Netscape Composer (an HTML editor, which later became Mozilla Composer and eventually was split off into a completely separate product, Nvu). In October 1998 version 4.5 of Netscape Communicator was released. This new version featured various functionality improvements, especially in the Mail/News component, but did not update the browser core (which, in its functionality, was basically identical with version 4.08). Only one month later, Netscape Communications Corporation was bought by AOL. A standalone version of Netscape Navigator was still available, but this was discontinued after version 4.08 for Windows. However, standalone versions for other operating systems such as Unix/Linux were maintained up to version 4.8.

In January 1998 Netscape Communications Corporation announced that all future versions of their software would be free of charge and developed by an Open Source Community (Mozilla). Netscape Communicator 5.0 was announced (codenamed "Grommit"). But there were significant delays to the release of Netscape's next major version and Communicator therefore aged badly over the many years it was still used. As a result of this, and a more advanced support of HTML 4, CSS, DOM, and ECMAScript by Internet Explorer starting with version 4, the more up-to-date Internet Explorer 5.0 became the market leader. In November 1998 work on Netscape 5.0 was cancelled in favor of developing a completely new program from scratch.

Mozilla-based releases

Netscape 6 (versions 6.06.2.3)

Netscape Navigator 6.1 under Windows
Netscape Navigator 6.1 under Windows
Main article: Netscape 6

In 1998, an informal group called the Mozilla Organization was formed and largely funded by Netscape (the vast majority of programmers working on the code were paid by Netscape) to co-ordinate the development of Netscape 5 (codenamed "Grommit"), which would be based on the Communicator source code. However, the aging Communicator code proved difficult to work with and the decision was taken to scrap Netscape 5 and re-write the source code. The re-written source code was in the form of the Mozilla web browser, which, with a few additions, Netscape 6 was based on.

This decision meant that Netscape's next major version was severely delayed. In the meantime, Netscape was taken over by AOL who, acting under pressure from the Web Standards Project, forced its new division to release Netscape 6.0 in 2000. The suite again consisted of Netscape Navigator and the other Communicator components, with the addition of a built-in AOL Instant Messenger client, Netscape Instant Messenger. However, it was clear that Netscape 6 was not yet ready for release and it flopped badly. It was based on Mozilla 0.6, which was not ready to be used by the general public yet due to many serious bugs that would cause it to crash often or render web pages slowly.

Later versions of Netscape 6 were much improved (especially 6.2.x was regarded as a good release), but the browser still struggled to make an impact on a disappointed community.

Netscape (versions 7.07.2)

Netscape 7.2 under Windows
Netscape 7.2 under Windows
Main article: Netscape (Gecko based)

For the version 7 series (codenamed "Mach V"), the suite became simply known as Netscape, the name everyone else had been calling it for years. The browser inside continued to be known as Netscape Navigator.

Netscape 7.0 (based on Mozilla 1.0.1) was released in August 2002 was a direct continuation of Netscape 6 with very similar components. It picked up a few users, but was still very much a minority browser, one of the problems being that Mozilla itself was a worthy adversary. In addition, AOL had decided to deactivate Mozilla's popup-blocker functionality in Netscape 7.0, which created an outrage in the community. AOL learned the lesson for Netscape 7.01 and allowed Netscape to reinstate the popup-blocker. Netscape also introduced a new AOL-free-version (without the usual AOL addons) of the browser suite. Netscape 7.1 (codenamed "Buffy" and based on Mozilla 1.4) was released in June 2003.

In 2003, AOL closed down its Netscape division and laid-off or re-assigned all of Netscape's employees. Mozilla.org continued, however, as the independent Mozilla Foundation, taking on many of Netscape's ex-employees. AOL continued to develop Netscape in-house, but, due to there being no staff committed to it, improvements were minimal.

One year later, in August 2004, the last version based on Mozilla was released: Netscape 7.2, based on Mozilla 1.7.2.

Mozilla Firefox-based releases

Netscape Browser 8.0 under Windows
Netscape Browser 8.0 under Windows

Netscape Browser (version 8.0+)

Main article: Netscape Browser

AOL's latest Netscape releases, starting in 2005, are known as Netscape Browser. AOL chose to base Netscape Browser on the relatively successful Mozilla Firefox, a re-written version of Mozilla produced by the Mozilla Foundation. This release is not a full Internet suite as before, but is solely a web browser. Other controversial decisions include the browser's being made only for Microsoft Windows (as of now) and its featuring both the Gecko rendering engine of previous releases and the Trident engine used in Internet Explorer. The Mozilla Composer HTML editor was no longer included in Firefox, but it has been further developed into the standalone Nvu HTML editor by Linspire, an independent company.

Release history

  • Netscape Navigator 1.0 December 15, 1994
  • Netscape Navigator 1.1
  • Netscape Navigator 1.22
  • Netscape Navigator 2.0 September 18, 1995
  • Netscape Navigator 2.01
  • Netscape Navigator 2.02
  • Netscape Navigator 3.0 August 19, 1996
  • Netscape Navigator 3.01
  • Netscape Navigator 3.02
  • Netscape Navigator 3.03 July 31, 1997
  • Netscape Navigator 3.04 October 4, 1997
  • Netscape Communicator/Navigator 4.0 June 11, 1997
  • Netscape Communicator/Navigator 4.01 June 18, 1997
  • Netscape Communicator/Navigator 4.01a July 17, 1997
  • Netscape Communicator/Navigator 4.02 August 18, 1997
  • Netscape Communicator/Navigator 4.03 September 6, 1997
  • Netscape Communicator/Navigator 4.04 November 14, 1997
  • Netscape Communicator/Navigator 4.05 April 2, 1998
  • Netscape Communicator/Navigator 4.06 August 17, 1998
  • Netscape Communicator/Navigator 4.07 October 5, 1998
  • Netscape Communicator/Navigator 4.08 November 9, 1998 (last release for 16-bit Windows and 68k Macs)
  • Netscape Communicator 4.5 October 19, 1998
  • Netscape Communicator 4.51 March 8, 1999
  • Netscape Communicator 4.6 May 18, 1999
  • Netscape Communicator 4.61 June 14, 1999
  • Netscape Communicator 4.7 September 30, 1999
  • Netscape Communicator 4.71 (version 4.71 was never officially released)
  • Netscape Communicator 4.72 February 22, 2000
  • Netscape Communicator 4.73 May 5, 2000
  • Netscape Communicator 4.74 July 22, 2000
  • Netscape Communicator 4.75 September 17, 2000
  • Netscape Communicator 4.76 October 25, 2000
  • Netscape Communicator 4.77 April 16, 2001
  • Netscape Communicator 4.78 July 20, 2001
  • Netscape Communicator 4.79 November 10, 2001
  • Netscape Communicator 4.8 August 22, 2002
  • Netscape 6.0 November 14, 2000 (based on Mozilla Milestone 18)
  • Netscape 6.01 February 9, 2001(based on Mozilla 0.7)
  • Netscape 6.1 August 8, 2001 (based on Mozilla 0.9.2.1)
  • Netscape 6.2 October 30, 2001 (based on Mozilla 0.9.4.1)
  • Netscape 6.2.1 (based on Mozilla 0.9.4.1)
  • Netscape 6.2.2 (based on Mozilla 0.9.4.1)
  • Netscape 6.2.3 May 15, 2002 (based on Mozilla 0.9.4.1)
  • Netscape 7.0 August 29, 2002 (based on Mozilla 1.0.1)
  • Netscape 7.01 December 10, 2002 (based on Mozilla 1.0.2)
  • Netscape 7.02 February 18, 2003 (based on Mozilla 1.0.2)
  • Netscape 7.1 June 30, 2003 (based on Mozilla 1.4)
  • Netscape 7.2 August 17, 2004 (based on Mozilla 1.7)
  • Netscape Browser 8.0 May 19, 2005 (based on Mozilla Firefox 1.0.3)
  • Netscape Browser 8.0.1 May 19, 2005 (based on Mozilla Firefox 1.0.4)
  • Netscape Browser 8.0.2 June 17, 2005 (based on Mozilla Firefox 1.0.4)
  • Netscape Browser 8.0.3.1 July 25, 2005 (based on Mozilla Firefox 1.0.6)
  • Netscape Browser 8.0.3.3 August 8, 2005 (based on Mozilla Firefox 1.0.6)
  • Netscape Browser 8.0.3.4 August 17, 2005 (based on Mozilla Firefox 1.0.6)
  • Netscape Browser 8.0.4 October 19, 2005 (based on Mozilla Firefox 1.0.7)
  • Netscape Browser 8.1 January 25, 2006 (based on Mozilla Firefox 1.0.7)
  • Netscape Browser 8.1.2 September 27, 2006 (based on Gecko 1.7.5)

See also

  • Netscape
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Gecko rendering engine

External links

  • Download latest Netscape browser
  • Netscape.com home page
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netscape_%28web_browser%29"